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Lots of people have heard that, while being pregnant, a woman may hear that her baby's umbilical cord has been wrapped around its neck, possibly risking the newborn's health. This information has probably scared many present mothers or mothers to be. However, this is nothing to be afraid of since modern medicine and a fair amount of knowledge about this situation guarantee an easy way to safely delivering a healthy baby.

Umbilical Cord around Babies’ Neck is a Pregnancy Complication

While a woman's baby is peacefully resting and growing inside her stomach, it still needs nutrients and air. Without these valuable substances it simply would not be able to grow in the first place. The baby gets all these things through the umbilical cord. Therefore, it is a thing of vital importance. However, taking into consideration the fact that some babies are more vivid and active than the others and that this cord is about 55cm long, it is not strange that, sometimes, the cord may possibly end up wrapped around their necks. Umbilical cord around baby’s neck in womb rarely happens and when it does, it is usually not life threatening. The umbilical cord does not get tight around the neck and it is easily removed from this position either naturally or by the doctors. Nevertheless, there have been several cases of potentially tragic situations of this type, even though it has only happened several times.In cases of potentially harmful umbilical cord around the baby's neck, its removal needs to be performed in order for the baby to get its cut supply of air as quick as possible. This is performed by doctors and the baby needs to be delivered right after the procedure.If this situation is not noticed timely and the baby remains deprived of sufficient air due to the tightness of the umbilical cord around its neck, it may suffer from brain damage or some other deformations diagnosed right after the delivery.

Another Pregnancy Problem is Breech Birth Defect

In order to understand little bit more about breech baby and birth, people must understand the term breech birth. A breech birth is a birth in which baby enters the birth canal with its feet or buttock first, although in most cases, baby enters birth canal with its head. Most frequent cause for breech delivery is premature birth, large amounts of amniotic fluid and multiple pregnancies. Frank breech presentation is when baby comes out buttocks first and with legs near its head. Complete breech is called a position of baby while coming out of the uterus with its bottom and with its legs crossed. If a baby is born with legs coming out first, then it is called footling breech. In the third trimester of pregnancy, a baby is preparing for coming out and doctor can then tell the parents what will be the position of a baby during the birth. If a doctor determines that the birth is going to be breech, certain measures of precaution are taken. In these cases, the delivery is usually vaginal, or a cesarean section is done. During the vaginal delivery, doctors must monitor baby’s heart rate and the baby has to be of good health. If baby’s head is too large and it can't pass through the cervix opening, or if the baby’s is delivering prematurely, then cesarean section is conducted.

Birth Defects of Breech Babies

Abnormalities that can be of congenital or physical nature are called birth defects. If a baby has some birth defect, it is more likely to die. Mortality percentage is in close correlation with breech birth. Death of the baby may occur, when during the delivery umbilical cord reduces the supply of oxygen to the baby. If the baby doesn’t have enough oxygen, some birth defects may develop. Umbilical cord around baby’s neck in womb may be the cause of lack of oxygen.Autism is a birth defect that is manifested in restrain from socialization. Down syndrome is a genetic defect where instead of having 46 chromosomes a child has 47 chromosomes. This additional chromosome carries Down syndrome and this defect can’t be prevented or treated, but isn’t connected to breech birth. Anyway, it is one of the most often birth defects. The level of chromosomes is connected to breech birth and therefore to mental retardation or development of cardiovascular diseases as well. There are some defects that are believed to appear because of the baby’s position during the pregnancy. If a baby is in a breech position, it is more likely to have spinal deformities and shunted muscular growth. If the baby is in a breech position, parents don’t have to worry, because most of them are born healthy and without any health problems.

Means of Prevention

First of all, parents should visit the doctor frequently during the pregnancy. This will prevent any unanticipated things from happening since the parents will track the baby's progress regularly. This way, as soon as there is a problem on the rise, the doctor can react and solve it.

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