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Tachycardia in pregnancy

One of the most exciting and beautiful experiences in the life of almost every woman is pregnancy. This period is usually joyous and full of enthusiastic thoughts about the future life with a baby. Almost every woman is really happy when she thinks about the new life that grows inside of her. However, during this period, the women undergo physical, as well as psychological changes. The hormonal changes usually cause many discomforts in pregnancy, such as morning sickness, vomiting, mood swings and many others.

Tachycardia in pregnancy

One of the disorders that can occur in pregnancy is tachycardia. It is not uncommon condition in pregnant women. There are cases when it is normal, but on the other side, sometimes it requires immediate medical attention. The ideal heart rate in a healthy person is 80 heartbeats per minute. Tachycardia is a condition when heart rate is higher than normal. When the heartbeats are above 100 beats per minute in pregnant woman, it is considered to be tachycardia in pregnancy. There are two types of tachycardia: sinus tachycardia and non-sinus tachycardia.

  • Sinus tachycardia is derived by the sinus node, which is the natural pacemaker of the heart. Sinus tachycardia can be appropriate and inappropriate.
  • Non-sinus tachycardia can be divided into two types: supraventricular tachycardia and ventricular tachycardia. While supraventricular tachycardia originates from the upper chambers of the heart, which are called atria, ventricular tachycardia comes from ventricles or lower chambers of the heart.

When gestational supra-ventricular tachycardia occurs, it is not harmful for mother and her baby.

Symptoms of tachycardia in pregnancy

Fast heart rate in pregnancy is usually accompanied by several other symptoms, such as heart palpitations, shortness of breath and pain in the chest. Sometimes, the pregnant women may also experience dizziness, exhaustion and fainting, as well as numbness of various parts of the body. In the majority of cases, sinus tachycardia occurs in pregnant women, especially in anemic pregnant women. Sometimes, it can cause intolerance and anxiety.

Causes of tachycardia in pregnancy

Tachycardia in pregnant woman may occur due to numerous reasons. The most common medical conditions that can be responsible for the occurrence of tachycardia in pregnancy are anemia, asthma, lung infections, ectopic pregnancy, thyroid gland problems and pulmonary embolism. Furthermore, tachycardia may appear due to the consummation of certain drugs, anxiety, stress, dehydration and fever, as well as sepsis, heart disease, obstetric hemorrhage. Other potential causes of tachycardia in pregnancy include acute blood loss, placental abruption and uterine rupture.

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