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A condition creating painin the nerve is called neuralgia, and postherpetic and trigeminal neuralgia arethe two types of it. First, we will focus on the postherpetic neuralgia inwhich a very strong and constant pain coming from the nerve can be a product ofshingles. Varicella zoster is a virus which produces these shingles, and whenthis happens, pain is felt on one side of the body. We have to mention thatthis virus is also responsible for the creation of chickenpox. This pain,usually created on the abdomen and chest nerves, goes away after 2 to 4 weeks.The rash is also common, along with the pain, but sometimes the rash goes awaywhile the pain remains. If this occurs postherpetic neuralgia is the probablecause. The postherpetic neuralgia is a very common consequence coming from theshingles and almost every fourth patient with shingles develops it. Thecondition can remain even for months and the pain can be reduced but it can nevereliminated by the use of medications. Children are very easily affected by thiscondition.

Causes

Trigeminal neuralgia is theother type of nerve pain. This pain, felt usually on the face, comesvery suddenly, and is usually experienced as stabbing which can linger forseveral minutes. Older people and women are more frequentlyaffected by this condition. The problem with pain is very rarely felt on bothsides of the face and usually only one side is affected. Sometimes surgerywill have to be performed for this condition which becomes worse by time, whilemedicines can help in the treatment of the symptoms.

Treatment

We have mentioned that themost common problem produced by this condition is the pain, and the exactlocation or duration of the pain depends on the location and type of theneuralgia. If we talk about the trigeminal neuralgia, problems like pain can beexperienced in the form of spasm for days and even moths. Sometimes pain can befelt one day and the other will be gone. There are cases in which this happens,but the pain usually returns. Some cases state a number of few hundreds of painfits by a day. Just a delicate touch can produce pain, as well as actions suchas eating, washing the face, speaking or brushing your teeth, which can beparticularly difficult, since a person has to perform these activities daily.Some patients avoid eating because of this problem, which can lead to seriousemotional state and even depression. The common symptoms of trigeminalneuralgia include pain felt in the inside of the mouth or outside of the face piercing or stabbing pain on the face, jaw, forehead, eye or cheek pain, burningor aching felt after the fit, face numbness felt prior to the pain, which lastsmostly two minutes. If the time between the fits is considerate, this usuallymeans you are suffering from an atypical trigeminal neuralgia. For the end symptoms of postherpetic neuralgia include shooting pain, aching, throbbing orburning pain and very extreme itchiness and activities such as dressing,for example can be made very difficult by this condition. Remember that thispain is worsening when cold is touched.

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