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When we arrive at certain age,some things are almost inevitable. Though it is still not that populationoverwhelming, dementia is one of those conditions which can have rather seriousconsequences. From a bookworm perspective, it is a condition which ischaracterized by the decline of reasoning, memory and various other mentalabilities (cognitive functions primarily). Long lasting consequences of thisimpairment are related to the inability to accomplish every day tasks andactivities with success, starting from the simple and usual household choresand shopping for groceries, to those a bit more serious such as driving, andeven some personally related ones as dressing, bathing and feeding.

This condition is most common inpeople who have reached the autumn of their lives. Interestingly enough, theterm commonly used for it in the past was senility considered to be a normal part of aging. Butwhat we have learned up till the present day is that it is actually quite theopposite of normal in nature. Many underlying medical conditions cause it. Incertainly cases and it can be reversed with the help of a particular medical treatmenttherapy, whereas in other it is unfortunately permanent.

The statistics show that about4-5 millions of Americans are suffering from some kind of dementia, and furtherrise in that number is expected in the years to come. Despite the fact that mostof the people suffering from dementia remain fully conscious, short-term andlong-term memory loss is a frequent occurrence, usually followed by the declinein some or all areas of intellectual functioning. All of the most commonproblems occur mostly due to a less serious condition, which involves slowingof mental processes with age.

One of the diseases, closelyrelated to dementia is of course the Alzheimer’s disease, which together withother forms of dementia, causes many problems. People suffering from thiscondition tend to forget things and are rarely, able to remember them; theytend to forget simple words or even use the wrong ones, thus making it verydifficult for the people around them to understand their intentions and needs.It is not rare that these people get lost in their own neighborhood, and evenin their own street, forgetting how they got there and their way back; theyoften misplace things, and then are unable to find them again. Other mostcommon problems they experience are personality changes, and loss ofinitiative.

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