Info about Dementia
Dementia is the medical problem, which can be described as the loss of different intellectual faculties and memory. This problem can severely affect normal occupational and social activities of the patients, and they may start to do some unusual and even weird things. For people suffering from dementia, normal everyday life may become compromised and they might need home and medical help, in order to function properly.
In some cases, dementia is caused by vascular problems or some injury or trauma to the brain. Vascular problems may seriously affect the blood flow and therefore cause impairment of memory and other difficulties related to dementia. Also, injury to the brain or trauma doesn’t have to provoke dementia right away, but it may happen years later in the life.
Alzheimer’s disease or simply AD is probably the best researches type of dementia. In patients suffering from this disease, there is some abnormal accumulation of proteins in the brain and these plaques and tangles affect normal function of the brain cells. Certain regions of the brain are first to be affected by these structural changes and these are usually areas responsible for memory and learning. Because of that, people with AD usually experience memory impairment as the first sign of the disease.
Food We Eat and Brain Functions
According to some studies, the food we eat whole our life can determine possibility of brain health at older age. Mediterranean diet has been found to be especially beneficial, and people eating this type of food are proven to have healthier body and brain even as they get old. In this diet, proteins usually (or at least mainly) come from the fish, and there are plenty of fruits, vegetables and legumes used. These people use mostly olive oil, which makes their diet rich in monounsaturated fat.
Groups of people eating in accordance with Mediterranean diet all their life have been proven to have much lesser incidence of Alzheimer’s disease, and those who started this diet with diagnosed AD experience slower than usual progression of the disease.
Older people should eat variety of foods to prevent various medical problems that may arise. They should take food rich in vitamin B complex, which may improve their cognitive functions. These are foods like: eggs, beef, salmon, broccoli, spinach, romaine lettuce, red peppers, peanuts and asparagus. Beta carotene can also positively affect memory and cognition in some long term studies. Garlic and aged garlic extract, as well as the apples have also been proven to stop the decline of the brain.
Eating fish regularly or using fish oil supplements can decrease the risk of AD for 35%. Choose fish that does not accumulate mercury in the body and try to avoid shark, swordfish, king mackerel tilefish and snapper.