In women, the breast cancer is one of the most frequent causes of death which is related to cancer, and it is right after the lung cancer. Breast cancer is much more common in women than in men, even though men tend to have less chance for recovery because of the delays in diagnosis. This type of cancer usually forms in the ducts of the breast, which are tubes that carry milk to the nipple, and lobules, which are glands that make milk.
There are different types of breast cancer, and each type has specific stages and characteristics. Based on the statistics of the American Cancer Society, breast cancer is less common in young women, but their breast cancers tend to be much more aggressive than the cancer in older women. This can explain why the rate of survival is lower among younger women. On the other side, the older women are more prone to developing breast cancer.
It is still not entirely clear what causes breast cancer.
Early breast cancer is usually not painful and it does not have any symptoms. The first obvious symptom of this kind of cancer is usually a lump which feels different from the rest of the tissue. More than 80% percent of these cancers are discovered when the woman feels a lump. Mammogram can detect the earliest breast cancers. A lump in the armpit or above the collar bone that does not disappear may be a sign of cancer. Changes in the size or shape of the breast, inversion of the nipple, as well as a bloody discharge, peeling of the nipple skin are some of the indicators of breast cancer. Changes in the skin and the texture of the breast may sometimes be related to breast cancer. Inflammatory breast cancer develops rapidly, and it makes the affected breast swollen and tender. Symptoms include a change in the appearance of a breast, thickness, noticeable enlargement, red, purple, pink or bruised appearance of the breast, unusual warmth of the breast, itching, and other symptoms. Warning symptoms should not be ignored because they might lead to the early diagnosis and they might improve the possibility of defeating this serious and often life-threatening illness. Every woman should do breast self-exams after she turns 20. Women who are 40 or more should make appointments and go to annual screening mammograms, and clinical breast exams each year. They should do breast self-exams every month as well. All of this will help in prevention or early diagnosis of this illness.