The main idea behind the epilepsy treatment is the reduction or elimination of the seizures, which are the main symptom produced by this condition. The therapy called long-term anticonvulsant drug therapy is usually the main treatment option.
Medications for epilepsy seizures
The most commonly used medications by the patients with epilepsy are Mysoline, Dilantin, Zarontin, Depakene, barbita, Tegretol, and Klonopin. While Klonopin, zarotin and Depakene help with absence seizures, complex partial seizures and control of the generalized tonic chronic seizures are treated with Tegretol, Mysoline, barbita and Dilantin. The mentioned partial seizures, along with grand or partial mal seizures, can be treated with the use of medications named Lamictal and neurontonin. Blood tests are a necessity for those with epilepsy, even for those who have seizures under control. They are done to see if the medications are tempering with the liver or blood. The level of the medications is also examined. Toxic material in the blood should be treated. The most common symptoms of the drug toxicity are dizziness, nausea, sleeping troubles, vomiting, speaking problems, sluggishness, vision problems and hyperactivity. The status epilepticus is treated with barbita, Dilantin and Valium. The blood sugar is low among patients with this problem, so they get solution inserted intravenously. Those who are experiencing this problem because of the chronic alcohol withdrawal, vitamin B1 preparation is given. These treatments are very safe to use.
Incontrollable or intractable seizures can be cured only with surgery, since sedations, medications or other forms of treatment do not produce results. The removal of the focal lesion is very easy surgery and will not affect the mental state of the patient in any way. People with secondarily generalized and partial seizures, temporal lobe complex partial seizures, childhood paralysis, as well as those with seizures occurring on one body side and generalized or generalized myoclonic seizures with temporary paralysis probably are in a need for surgery. If you are having some of these problems, visit the doctor for a proper diagnose. The surgery will only be done if the original location of the seizure is known, if the doctor thinks it will bring good results or if medications are not having an effect. Several specialists will examine the patient before sending him to the surgery.
Temporal resection is a surgery performed for temporal lobe epilepsy, while multiple subpial transection is performed for epilepsy located in the eloquent cortex. Lesionectomy involves the removal of the lesions and brain tissue, but the lesions must be removed completely, because otherwise the surgery may not be a success. The removal of parts of frontal lobe is associated with extra-temporal resection. A surgery called corpus callosotomy separates the opposing parts of the brain and removes white matter. It is done usually with children who are falling down because of the seizures. This operation will not remove the whole corpus callosum, but if the first operation is not successful, the second will remove it completely.