What kind of medication is promethazine?
Promethazine is one of the medications from the group ofphenothiazines, which is known to function as an antihistamine. A doctor mightprescribe it when it is necessary to treat nausea, vomiting and similarsymptoms that are usually present before or after the surgery and in cases of motionsickness or similar conditions. Besides this, due to its antihistaminicfeatures, it can also be used in the treatment of some allergies and non-allergicsymptoms. It can also be used as a kind of a mild sedative. Forms inwhich it can be found are tablet, syrup and rectal suppository, although itcan also be used in injectable form.
What side effects can be expected when using promethazineand how frequent and serious are they?
When talking about the possible side effects, whichcertainly exist with this medicine as well, it is important to bear in mindthat the use of promethazine should be carefully considered in cases of peoplewho suffer from sleep apnea, epilepsy, glaucoma, enlarged prostate, chronicobstructive pulmonary disease and any liver disease. Pregnant and lactatingwomen, those who undergo chemotherapy or have any kind of allergy or heartproblem should inform their doctor about it in advance, because promethazinemight bring more harm than good in such cases, which is why its use should bereconsidered. As for the medications that should not be combined with it, amongthem are anticholinergics, MAOIs, antipsychotics, antidepressants, muscle relaxants,narcotics. The same goes for epinephrine and alcohol, because thesecombinations might induce very serious complications and side effects.
As for the most common side effects, they include dry mouth,constipation, dizziness and blurred vision, but it is also not excluded thatfatigue, nervousness, lack of coordination and insomnia occur. However, none ofthese problems is too serious, but it does not mean that such side effects donot exist. On the contrary, the list of such effects is rather long. Some ofthem are high fever, irregular heart rhythm, tachycardia, confusion, stiffnessin the muscles and sweating, but those that are particularly worrying arehallucinations, involuntary movements of the muscles, signs of jaundice and increasedsusceptibility to bleeding or bruising. Even though people generally dotolerate well this medication, it is highly recommended to gather as muchinformation as possible about possible consequences, in order to recognize themin time and to act appropriately.