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What is diclofenac sodium?

Diclofenac sodium is one of the medication that is a part of the group called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which means that it is used for the purpose of reduction of pain, inflammation and swelling. It can be found in various forms and besides in the treatment of arthritis, it can be used in order to relieve a migraine that has already begun, cancer pain, symptoms of gout, fibromyalgia, and lupus, as an off-label medication. It is important to point out that none of these conditions can be cured by this medication, it is only used for the treatment of the symptoms. Being a NSAID, it functions by blocking the production of prostaglandins, the substances that cause the pain and inflammation.

Side effects of diclofenac sodium

Diclofenac sodium can relieve many symptoms, and thus be very beneficial to a human body, but the fact is that it has a number of side effects as well, and that those who use it for a long time should be aware of them in particular. Some of them are more common, some of them less, and some of them are more serious, while others are mild and do not require medical attention at all.

According to the results of a number of studies on diclofenac sodium side effects, the most frequently reported are pain in the stomach, diarrhea, constipation, headache, vomiting and nausea, while peptic ulcer, dizziness, unexplained bleeding and anemia occurred as well. Immediate medical attention is necessary if the person who uses diclofenac sodium experiences pain in the chest, shortness of breath, or weakness, though signs of allergic reaction call for medical help also, because the consequences of ignoring them may be fatal in some cases. Signs that indicate damage of liver include nausea, tiredness, and signs of jaundice, and they should be reported to the doctor as soon as possible, as well as the signs of problems with kidneys and heart.

It is believed that the people who use this medication for a longer period are at higher risk of developing certain life-threatening diseases, which is why it is not recommended to use it continuously. For the same reason, symptoms such as nosebleeds, bloody urine or stools, vomiting blood and purple spots on the skin should signal that medical attention is necessary. Speaking of its side effects, very rarely diclofenac sodium causes fainting, hypertension, asthma, depression, and alopecia.

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