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What is amlodipine and when is it used?

Amlodipine is a one of the medications from the group ofcalcium channel blockers, which means that it is used in the treatment of people who haveproblems with heart and with blood vessels. However, the most common conditions in which it has proven to be very helpful include increased bloodpressure, particular types of angina, and coronary artery disease, thoughonly in people who do not have congestive heart failure. Besides these, it canbe used as an off-label medication for the treatment of cluster headaches,migraines, and Raynaud’s syndrome. When it comes to medications from thisgroup, they all work by relaxing the blood vessels, which decreases bloodpressure because the blood flows better and the heart can pump it with lessefforts.

How to use it properly?

In order to avoid certain side effects, it is necessary totake this drug exactly as prescribed. The dosage will depend on the age of thepatient and on the condition that is in question, but the medication is usuallytaken once a day, and it is highly recommended to do that each day at the sametime. Speaking of the proper use, this medication should not be used in cases of those who suffer from congestive heart failure or problems with liver, and it should not be combined with certain medications, due to the risk of interactions.

Possible side effects of amlodipine

As it is the case with other medications, this one also maycause various side effects, but it depends on the individual whether or notthey will be experienced, and which of them are more likely to be experiencedthan others. Based on the results of certain clinical trials, the most commonbad side of this medication is swelling or water retention, and in numbers, approximately10 % of those who use amlodipine experience it. A bit less common aretiredness, dizziness, and nausea, and they are likely to occur in 5 % of thecases, or even less, whereas in less than 2 % of the patients, side effects suchas pain in the abdomen, and sleepiness are to occur.

However, none of theserequires medical attention unless persistent, but the ones which do require itare pain in the chest, signs that indicate lower blood pressure, arrhythmia depression,increased level of sugar in the blood and signs of allergic reaction.

When speaking about the possible side effects, it is alsonot excluded that tremor, vomiting, the loss of appetite, tinnitus, and insomniamay be experienced while using amlodipine, though such cases are extremelyrare.

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