Reproductive system diseases refer to a broad spectrum of diseases that affect the reproductive organs in the women, as well as in men. They include sexually transmitted diseases, as well as inherited diseases, but also the malfunction of the glands that are responsible for the production of sex hormones. Reproductive system disease should be treated immediately since many of them may cause serious complications related to the infertility and many of them are sexually transmitted.
Reproductive system diseases in women
There are many disease of the reproductive system in women and the most common are amenorrhea, cervical erosion, cervicitis and oligomenorrhea, as well as puerperal fever. When a woman does not have menstruation, it is regarded as amenorrhea and there are two kinds of this condition - primary and secondary. Primary amenorrhea is the condition when menstruation does not happen for a long period of time in girls who did not have menstrual cycle before and secondary amenorrhea occurs usually in women before their perimenopausal age. It is a condition marked by the sudden termination of the menstruation after years of regular menstrual period.
When the ulcers occur in the cervix region, then that condition is called cervical erosion. The most common signs of this disorder are red or pink spots that outbreak around the opening of the cervix. In the early stages of this disease, the mucus patches appear. Cervicitis is the medical term for the uterine cervix inflammation. Since there are many mucus glands that have the role to lubricate the vagina, this area is favorable environment for many bacteria and virus. Cervicitis occurs when the vaginal infections spread to the uterine cervix. When a woman has long period between two menstruations, it is regarded as oligomenorrhea and the main reason for the occurrence of this disorder is insufficient production of estrogen. This disease is serious because it can cause infertility in women. Puerperal fever is a disease that occurs almost immediately after a miscarriage or childbirth. This happens because the raw placenta becomes infected.
Reproductive system diseases in men
The most popular reproductive system diseases in men are gynecomastia, hydrocele, priapism and prostate disorders. Gynecomastia is a disease caused by the hormonal imbalance in men and it is manifested through the abnormal swelling or enlargement of the breasts in men. When a fluid builds up in the area around and in the testes, it is a condition called hydrocele. Hydrocele usually occurs in men over 40 years of age. Priapism is a reproductive system disease marked by painful erection. Enlarged prostate and prostate cancer are two diseases that usually affect elderly people.