Integumentary system comprises of the skin, nails and hair. It represents the largest organ in human body. Apart from its amazing size integumentary system has lots of different roles and functions. It holds the water providing with proper hydration, it also assists in perspiration when human body temperature is increased, it is a barrier for numerous infective agents and so on. Due to this system we can touch and feel many sensations such as cold, hot and pain. Integumentary system additionally participates in production of vitamin D. All in all, the purpose of this system is immense and fascinating.
Integumentary System Diseases
There are numerous diseases which affect integumentary system. Still some of the most common include dermatitis, alopecia areata, psoriasis, warts, and athletes foot.
Dermatitis is basically inflammation of the skin. It can be classified into many different types. Some of them are seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, neurodermatitis and so on. The symptoms of the disease include rash which starts at one spot and then affects other parts of the body, itchiness and swelling of the skin. Fortunately, this skin condition is not contagious and cannot be transmitted from one person to another.
Alopecia areata is classified as an autoimmune disease. This means that the body attacks its own cells not recognizing them. In alopecia body attacks hair on the scalp which results in baldness. In the beginning of the disease only spots of the scalp are affected while during progression of the disease entire hair can be lost.
Psoriasis is like alopecia areata an autoimmune disease. It is chronic and progressive and features with specific scaly patches on the skin. These skin lesions are called psoriatic plaques and they may affect different parts of the body. Still predisposing parts of the body include knees and elbows. These skin lesions are actually a place of inflammation and enhanced skin production.
Warts are small, round lumps which are found on the hands and feet. This medical condition is caused by the human papilloma virus. The typical appearance of warts resembles cauliflower and they are sometimes contagious meaning that they can be spread via contact. This bothersome disease usually goes away in a few months and there are effective treatments which may help patients to remove them for good.
Athletes foot is a fungal infection of the feet. It features with scaling and flaking. The condition is itchy as well. The fungi can be spread in moist areas and people can catch the infection in bathhouses, if they share towels with other people and so on. Still, this condition can be successfully prevented by maintaining proper body hygiene.
Apart from previously mentioned integumentary system may be affected by so many other diseases. However, they are not as common as the previously mentioned ones.