Kidney infections occur when a bacterial infection moves from the bladder into kidneys.
Some of the main symptoms will be a very high temperature and fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Kidney infections are usually more common in women than men, especially pregnant women, children under two years of age and people over 60.
There are two main types of kidney infections, uncomplicated and complicated.
Uncomplicated cases usually involve people who are in good health generally, and there will probably be no severe complications accompanying the infection.
However, complications can be expected in complicated kidney infections, because the person with the condition is usually in worse health or has preexisting health problems that will make them more vulnerable to the infection.
Usually, people with uncomplicated kidney infections will only have to take some antibiotics in order for the condition to clear up.
People with complicated kidney infections can experience numerous troubles and complications, however.
In severe cases of infection, pockets of pus can form within the kidney’s tissue, which are called abscesses. Abscesses can cause drastic and quick weight loss, blood in the urine and abdominal pain. Usually in these cases surgery will be required in order to drain the pus out.
Blood poisoning, called sepsis, can also occur. This happens when the bacteria spreads from the kidneys into the bloodstream.
Some symptoms of this condition include low blood pressure, dizziness, mental and behavioral changes, diarrhea, cold, clammy skin, and sometimes even a loss of consciousness.
If a person has sepsis, they must be admitted into the intensive care unit of a hospital immediately and be given antibiotics intravenously in order to stop the infection from spreading any further.
Emphysematous pyelonephritis, usually referred to as EPN, is a pretty rare complication, but it is as serious as it is rare. The complications that result from EPN can be fatal in many cases.
It is a very severe and serious infection in which the tissues of the kidney will be destroyed very violently and quickly by the bacteria that is responsible for introducing the infection into the kidneys. This infection will begin to release very toxic gas that will build up in the kidneys and begin to destroy them at a rapid rate.
Some common symptoms of EPN include a very high temperature and fever, severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and severe mental confusion.
The cause of EPN is not yet know, but some believe that people who have diabetes and do not control it well are especially prone to be affected by this serious condition. If the EPN is left untreated, it can be fatal, because the bacteria and toxic gas will first kill off the kidney and then move on to other major organs in the body.
Emergency surgery is required to treat EPN, which usually includes having to remove the infected portion of the kidney from the body.