This very common problem can be very discomforting. One of the biggest problems associated with this condition is the misunderstanding. People usually turn to wrong kinds of treatment. So, we will try to educate you about this condition as best as we can, so that you know what you need the next time you find yourself in a drugstore.
There are two types of sinusitis, acute and chronic. Small cavities that manufacture mucus are called sinuses and when the infection affects the tissue in these cavities, the problem called sinusitis is created. They can sometimes produce a bacterial infection, but it always brings pain and pressure. The acute type usually lasts for four weeks, while chronic lasts 12 weeks or more. Sometimes, the problem may be present for a year and this type is more difficult to treat.
The most common causes of sinusitis are allergies, cold and rarely fungus. Since the sinuses produce mucus, if the draining is affected, a problem can occur. This can be created by the presence of nasal passages defect. The problems associated with this condition are congestion, thick and discolored mucus and pain with facial pressure.
Treatment for Sinusitis
Treatment is very successful but the origin of the problem has to be treated. If the cause for sinusitis is not treated, the problem will persist. Also, if the problems are present for several days, visit a professional for help.
There are several types of treatment, but usually the combination of treatments gives result. If the problem is caused by bacterial infection, antibiotics are given, usually for 14 days. If chronic sinusitis is present, this period may be longer. For the pain, painkillers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen may be used. If the allergy has caused the sinusitis, allergy medications are given. You can also get an allergy shot or try to control the environment but always do the allergy test to see what causes the allergy. You can use decongestants for the limitation of mucus and they come as pills, such as Sudafed or contac, and as nasal sprays, such as dristan and Afrin. Steroids are given in order to decrease the sinus swelling. Another option is a surgery, usually performed if blockage is present. There are home remedies that can bring better days. Using a humidifier in the room is a good idea. Also, put some heat on the face. Clean the sinuses regularly with the use of salt water. Steam vapors can also be helpful, and naturally, the steam has to be inhaled. Using saline solution may bring some benefit. Do not exaggerate with the use of medications and get plenty of rest. Also, be sure to drink plenty of water and eliminate alcohol.
These are some advice that may eliminate or prevent the problem of sinusitis but these treatments may not be effective in everybody.