Painful neuropathy is a neurological condition that features with persistent pain caused by damage of specific nerves.
There are numerous causes of nerve damage which may result in painful neuropathy. Nutrition imbalances can be one cause. If the diet is improper the intake of certain nutrients as well as vitamins and minerals is insufficient and this can consequently lead to damage of the nerves and painful neuropathy. Toxic damage to the nerves is another cause of this medical condition. It commonly affects chronic alcoholics and it may also affect people who are suffering from certain autoimmune diseases. Infections and trauma to the nerves are additional causes of painful neuropathy. And finally, it may occur in people suffering from chronic illnesses such as diabetes, kidney failure and can affect patients suffering from cancer.
Symptoms of painful neuropathy include sharp or stabbing pain in the affected area, burning sensations or even numbness.
Treatment for Painful Neuropathy
Treatment for painful neuropathy includes certain medications and self-care measures.
Anti-depressants are medications that are typically used in patients suffering from depression. However, they can be highly successful in patients who are suffering from painful neuropathy. These medications can ease the pain. Anti-depressants are mood-altering medications and they block the uptake of serotonin, one of the brain neurotransmitters. This reflects on the body's ability to experience pain. Dosage of anti-depressants prescribed for patients with painful neuropathy are lower than those given to patients suffering from depression.
Furthermore, anticonvulsant medications are also used for alleviation of pain in neuropathy. Anti-convulsants are usually prescribed in case of seizures and it is amazing how these medications can be effective in treatment of pain in patients suffering from painful diabetic neuropathy. Unfortunately, anti-seizure medications have several side effects such as dizziness and fatigue. This is why, they are not prescribed as much as anti-depressants.
Pain in neuropathy can be additionally alleviated by topical medications. Specific crams and patches that contain analgesics are excellent choice in reduction of pain. Even topical medications may have some side effects such as rash. The effects obtained from topical medications are faster than if the patient takes painkiller orally. Some doctors even combine topic and oral painkillers.
Self-care measures include increased activity even though it may cause pain in the beginning. For example, walking can be initially hard, but eventually it may lead to slight alleviation of painful sensations. People suffering from painful neuropathy can significantly benefit from exercises. Others can feel much better if heat is applied onto the affected area. And finally, massage can be efficient in removal of the pain caused by neuropathy.