Lung cancer is a severe disease caused by uncontrolledgrowth of the cells in the lung. In most cases, those cells were once epithelialcells of the lungs, but their uncontrolled growth has caused lung carcinoma. Itcan be either small cell or non small cell lung carcinoma.
The symptoms which cause patients to consult their doctor areusually weight loss, shortness of breath and extensive coughing. Sometimes,patients even cough some blood.
Lung cancer is one of the deadliest and also with a highestincidence of all known cancers. When it originated in the lung tissue it isknown as primary cancer. If it started somewhere else in the body and then gotto the lungs, because of the metastasis, it is called secondary lung cancer.
Several risk factors have been identified so far. People smokingtobacco or even just exposed to the tobacco smoke, asbestos or air pollutionhave a greater risk of developing this cancer. There is also a genetic predispositionto lung cancer and patients having someone in the family with this cancer aremore likely to develop the same condition.
Patients suffering from lung cancer have extremely highmortality. Even with the best of treatments, only 14% of all diagnosed lungcancer patients survive more than 5 years. Highest incidence of lung cancer deathhas been recorded in North America and Europe.
Diagnosing and Treating Lung Cancer
Chest X ray and CT scans are the most common diagnostictools for the lung cancer. Sometimes, to establish the proper diagnose, doctorsmight need to biopsy the lungs.
The treatment might consist of surgery, radiation, andchemotherapy. Treatment is decided upon a type of a cancer, the degree of its spread(stage) and the overall health of the patient.
If the tumor is large, doctors might prescribe courses ofchemotherapy and radiation, to shrink the tumor before surgery. Surgical procedurescan be done as open or minimal invasive laparoscopic surgery and they includethe removal of one lung (pneumectomy), removal of the lobe (lobectomy) or the removal of apart of the lung lobe (Wedge resection).
As any other surgery there are operative and post-operativerisks. The patients could bleed, develop an infection, form blood clots or experiencecollapse of the lungs or damage to the healthy tissue.
Lung cancer surgery and therapy are very expensive in theUnited States and many lung cancer patients decide to visit some other countriesover the world to get the treatment. Mexico is known to have lung cancermedical experts, as well as India, and many Americans suffering from this typeof cancer travel to these countries to be treated.
Medical tourism is also very developed in Turkey. Their hospitalsare considered to be highly equipped and their medical staff to be exceptionally trainedto treat lung cancer patients.