One of the most important minerals in the humanbody is iodine. This mineral is essential for the growth and development of thehuman body. The major function of iodine is to help the normalfunctioning of the thyroid gland. It assists in the production of the two mainthyroid gland hormones, T4 and T3. As we know, the thyroid gland regulates mostvital metabolic processes in the body. When there is insufficiency of the mineraliodine, certain thyroid gland disorders occur, such as goiter, for example.
Iodine can be found in many kinds of food like seafood, dairy products, eggs and spinach, as well as soya beans and iodized salt. Whenwe consume these foods, we cannot get overdosed with iodine since the amount ofiodine found in these foods is not very high.
In the majority of cases, iodine overdose happensdue to consummation of a certain medicine that has iodine as an ingredient. The mostcommon medicines with iodine are Lugol's solution, tincture of iodine and Pimasyrup. Furthermore, the people who receive radioactive iodine therapy becausethey suffer from thyroid gland disease may also get overdosed with this mineral.
Symptoms of iodine overdose
When one gets overdosed with iodine, it is a veryserious condition and medical attention is necessary in order to treat itimmediately. Therefore, it is very important to detect the symptoms of thiscondition. The most common symptoms of iodine overdose are painin the abdomen, which can vary in intensity, pain in the mouth and throat, and metallictaste in the mouth. Furthermore, the people who get overdosed with iodine mayalso experience low urine output, shortness of breath and mental confusion, aswell as shock and seizures. Excessive thirst, diarrhea, coughing and fever, aswell as vomiting are also some of the symptoms of iodine overdose.
Treatment of iodine overdose
When one gets overdosed with iodine, he/she mustcall emergency service first. Until they come, it is recommended that theaffected person drink milk or a solution of flour and water every 15 minutes. When the patient is taken to hospital, he/she isgiven a breathing support and blood pressure, body temperature and pulse rate are checked by the doctor. Then, he/she is given oral medications, as well as oraladministration of fluid. Activated charcoal treatment for the removal oftoxins is given to some patient, while in several cases of iodine overdose, gastriclavage is conducted in order to wash out the stomach.