Syphilis is a diseasethat has four stages and each stage has its own characteristics. These stagesare primary, secondary, latent and tertiary. Here we will explain what themanifestations of each of these stages are.
Primary stage ofsyphilis is characterized by the development of chancre on some part of thebody. In men, chancre is usually located on the penis, while in women it occursin vaginal area, outside or in the vaginal canal. When it develops inside ofthe vagina, it can be unnoticed. And during this stage, a person can veryeasily transfer the disease to another person. Chancre appears 10 to 90 daysafter the bacteria have entered the body and it can be present from four to sixweeks. During this stage, lymph nodes that are close to the chancre can becomeswollen.
In the secondary stage,an infected person experiences a rash on different areas of the body. Areasthat are usually affected by rash are palms and feet. This symptom can be even presentin the mouth and seen as mucous patches. When in this stage, a person caneasily spread syphilis. Skin rash will fade after two to twelve weeks withouttreatment. During this period, a disease will affect other parts of the bodyand a person may experience high body temperature, pain in the throat, fatigue,weight reduction and loss of hair. Nervous system can be affected by thedisease and this can manifest through the headache, temper, change in thereflexes and pupils.
This stage is also knownas a hidden stage, and it develops after the secondary stage if a persondoesn't seek for medical treatment. This stage is characterized by the absenceof symptoms and it can last from five to twenty years. It is very hard for aperson to be accurately diagnosed when in this stage. It can only be donethrough blood testing, history of the person, and if a person gets a baby withcongenital syphilis. At the beginning of this stage, an infected individual canspread the disease and during the whole latent period, it might happen that aperson is contagious. In the latent stage, it can occur that the secondarystage symptoms appears again and this is appearing in about 30% of all infectedpeople. This can happen more than once in the latent stage.
This stage is alsocalled late stage and it includes very serious symptoms and complications. Someindividuals may never experience this phase of syphilis. Here the disease canaffect cardiovascular system or brain.