Diabetes in Kids – Facts
Diabetes type 1 is commonly diagnosed in childhood. More than 90% of children younger than 16 years of age and diagnosed with diabetes are suffering from type 1 form of this disease. Many of these kinds don’t have family history of diabetes. The body of these patients attacks and destroys its own pancreas cells specialized for the production of insulin. As the result they lack this extremely important substance and suffer from childhood diabetes.
Scientists also discovered that there is significant
increase in the number of children suffering from diabetes type 2. The
probable cause of this diabetes is obesity which may affect both young
children and adults.
Symptoms of diabetes are generally similar in adults and in kids. These patients, regardless their age, experience increased thirst, frequent urination, tiredness and weight loss. However, children can react in a different manner than the adult patients and they can suffer from behavior problems or complain about headaches and tummy pains because of diabetes type 1. If a little patient has had abdominal pains for several weeks, the doctor will usually suspect diabetes to be the cause of this problem.
Treatment of Diabetes in Children
Children diagnosed with diabetes type 1 need insulin in order to function normally. Most of them are treated in hospitals, rather than by the doctor. Insulin routine should be adjusted to the needs of the child and his age. Very small kids don’t need overnight injections of insulin, but most kids do. They usually receive frequent daily doses of fast-acting insulin, while they need slow-acting insulin over night. Another treatment option is continuous insulin pump and many children use it nowadays.
Parents should take care of their child’s glucose level and insulin treatment as well. Avoiding the attacks of low blood glucose is also very important for little patients and parents can help there too. If the child is old enough he or she should learn how to measure his or her blood glucose level and how to administer insulin injection to himself.
Parents should also be informed about the diabetic acidosis and low glucose symptoms and know what to do if these appear.
The child suffering from diabetes should regularly visit his doctor.
Diet is something parents can also help with. Healthy and balanced food is crucial for the child suffering from diabetes. Physical activities are also important and every child should exercise every day, especially child with diabetes.