When a person is allergic to something, the body and immunesystem react by releasing histamine. Skin cells react to histamineand leak the fluid into the top layer of the skin (known as epidermis) and thatreaction provokes the inflammation, itchiness and hives. Usually, hives arevery small and in some people they might look like mosquito bites, or be eventinier than that.
Hives are very common, and some estimation says that morethan 20% of people worldwide experienced this condition. Avoiding allergensthat cause hives is the best way to prevent them, as many people have learned. Ifyou have hives, there are good chances your condition will heal on its own, butit is advisable to see the doctor and identify the cause of your problem. Anyserious health complications associated with hives, such as breathing difficulties,abdominal cramps or dizziness, must be immediately taken care of by a medicalprofessional.
What Causes Hives
There are so many different things people might react to byhives that it’s hard to mention all of them. Certain food and food additives,insect bites, plants and cosmetic ingredients are some of the possible causesof hives. One could also get hives if he is allergic to pollen, latex or evenhair bleach. Diseases can also provoke the same problem, including: mononucleosis,rheumatic fever, mastocytosis and carcinoma. Additionally, people may react toUV rays, heat or cold in the same way.
You should find efficient treatment for the hives you havebeen experiencing, to relieve the burning and itching. In some cases, hives mayindicate another underlying disease, such as: malaria, lupus, lymphoma, thyroidproblem or hepatitis B.
Antihistamines and epinephrine injections are the medicaltreatments for hives. Antihistamines block the production of histamine, responsiblefor hives. There are some OTC (over the counter) antihistamine medications andyou can find Chlor-Trimeton or Benadryl in the pharmacies. Your doctor may alsoprescribe some of antihistamine drugs, like Allegra and Zyrtec.
Severe hives are sometimes treated with epinephrine(adrenaline). If you suffer from sudden and serious hives, your doctor couldrecommend carrying this injection with you and taking it when in need.
Hives can sometimes also be successfully managed taking acool shower or a cold compress. Wear loose clothes and avoid strenuous exerciseuntil the hives resolve.
Stress could also induce hives. When that happens, thinkabout some stress management, and try to avoid highly emotional stress that hasled to hives.