When an organ in the body is affected by some pathogen and gets infected, the inflammation of that organ occurs as the first symptom. Any organ in the human body can become inflamed when certain microorganisms or other factors affect it. Myocarditis is the medical name for the condition when the heart is inflammed.
Causes of heart inflammation
The causes responsible for the inflammation of the heart are numerous. It is observed that in the majority of cases the heart gets inflamed due to various kinds of arthritis, which tend to cause inflammation not only of the heart but also of many other organs in the body. Extremely fast or slow heart rate, as well as lefts side heart failure may lead to the occurrence of the heart inflammation. Furthermore, dyspnea, pulmonary edema, tuberculosis and gonorrhea are some of the medical conditions that are very likely to cause the inflammation of the heart. Other health conditions that are also regarded to be the causative factors of the heart inflammation are tetanus, heart disease and Chagas’ disease.
The use of certain drugs, heart surgery and radiation therapy may also induce the inflammation of our most important organ. There are cases when myocarditis is caused by systemic lupus, sarcoidosis and Lyme disease as well as by rheumatic fever, fibromyalgia and even pregnancy.
Symptoms of heart inflammation
When one contracts heart inflammation, he/she may experience a number of warning signs, such as pain in the shoulders, pain in the joints, stiffness and swelling of the joints, shortness of breath and heart palpitation. Furthermore, the heart inflammation may cause fatigue, neck muscle pain and pain in the lower back, as well as bursitis and arthritis.
Diagnosing and treatment of heart inflammation
To diagnose the heart inflammation, the doctor should first recognize the symptoms of this condition in patient. Then, the doctor should be informed about the medical history of the patient and after several tests are done, the heart inflammation can be diagnosed.
This condition is a very serious one and the treatment depends on the severity of the condition. If some viruses and bacteria are responsible for the occurrence of this condition, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics and recommend ample of rest and relaxation. In more severe cases other medications are given to the patient depending on the underlying cause. However, sometimes even the heart transplantation is necessary since the heart is damaged and the transplantation is the only option.