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Inflammationof the Colon

The colon andthe rectum are the most important parts of the large intestine. The colonabsorbs the water and passes all food particles that remainundigested to the terminal part of the large intestine, where it isstored in the form of feces. Feces are removed through the organismthrough the anal orifice in the form of stools. If there is aswelling of the outer lining of the colon, then such a condition isknown as colitis, or inflammation of the colon. If the colon becomesinflated at some places, it is likely that stomach ulcers will bedeveloped. This condition is referred to as ulcerative colitis.

It is possibleto draw a comparison between the colon and a water-carrying pipe.Any obstruction in the pipe will prevent the flow of water, and the pipesneed to be cleaned regularly. Our colon requires the same, that is,it requires periodical cleaning. If there is an ongoing inflammationin the colon, then the its outer walls become thin and porous andsome of the harmful or toxic waste, residues from the process ofdigestion, can escape into the body through these weakened walls.Such escaped waste can deposit in tissues all over the organism.Problems caused by such runaway toxins include destruction of cells,irregular digestion or problems related to bowel movement.

Causes

Honestly,science still does not have the answer to what causes coloninflammation. According to what is currently known about how a humanbody works, the most likely cause of colon inflammation appears to be theunwanted and unnecessary activation of the immune system in theintestine. Under normal circumstances, the immune system producesproteins known as antibodies, whose role is to fight off anyunfriendly bacteria or virus that causes diseases. Once thatparticular threat is dealt with, the immune system ceases productionof antibodies. However, the immune system can produce antibodieswithout a cause, and this seems to be causing the inflammation of thecolon.

Some bacteriaand viruses which produce toxins that cause cells of the colon tosecrete certain salts which cause colon inflammation of the colon. Itis still unknown which type of bacteria or viruses cause thiscondition.

Symptoms

Inflammation ofthe colon effects bowel movements. Symptoms include long periods ofdiarrhea or constipation, painful passing of the stool or blood in thestool, abdominal pain or problems with gas. Other telltale symptomsare chronic vomiting and nausea, weight loss, lack or loss ofappetite and constant fatigue.

Treatment

Treatment mostlydepends on the scale of the inflammation and will vary from person toperson. Medicines serve to minimize the effects of theinflammation. Surgery is suggested, if there is no improvement and theinflammation remains unchecked. Surgery consists of removing theblockage in the colon and rectum, by bypassing or removing therectum. The patient can lead a normal active life after the surgery.

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