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The way person thinks, talks, sees and the way individual moves is pretty much controlled by the brain. Right side of brain is in control of left body side and otherwise. The brain also commands movements of the body, feelings, the outside sensation etc... Broca's area hosts speech centres and are based on the left side of brain, while vision centre occupies back brain area ( at the occipital lobes). And carotid arteries are vital for most of the supply of blood to most of a brain’s vital parts. 

A base of the brain called cerebellum, commands person’s balance and coordination. The bony canals in the back of the vertebral column get blood supply from vertebral arteries. If blood stops circulating into a brain, brain loses its function. It is what happens in a case of cerebrovascular accident or strokes. If brain doesn’t get enough blood it automatically makes an effort to make up a blood flow. And this is what it happening with stroke. TIA is a short name for transient schem attack and it is viewed as sort of minor stroke. It is a stroke but is a stroke that actually reform functionality to a body part that is affected with TIA.

Symptoms

TIA resolves for 24 hours and almost all symptoms are removed in a period of minute or two.  TIA is actually a warning for a possible stroke. A possibility for person to have a real stroke after TIA attack is very well increased. It is good thing if TIA occurs because it gives doctor enough time to discover cause and prevent serious neurological damage that occurs due to a stroke.

After TIA doctor is finding out about cause of transient ischemic attack, any further treatment is done to correct all faults in order to save brain from the possible coming stroke. The tendency for blood to clot doctor may reduce on time, or even set up a surgery before stroke occurs. There is also a procedure angioplasty, so called balloon procedure.

Medications

There are recommended medications to be used after TIA attack and a choice of medicines depends of type of TIA, location and cause of disorder.  Two types of medications are prescribed:
 Anticoagulants
Are warfarin and heparin. These are influencing clotting-system of proteins but not a platelet function. A short term drug is heparin and a long term drug is warfarin. Both medications need constant monitoring.
 Anti-platelet medications
These medications are forming platelets that are preventing blood cell types to stick to each other. Sticky platelets are starting the process of forming a blood clots and end process mean a clotting of proteins in blood plasma. The most common medication that prevents platelet process is Aspirin. There is a medication called clopidogrel (Plavix).

Aggrenox drug that has a little Aspirin and dipyridamole and used together in one the drug serves to limit clotting of blood. Ticlopidine  - anti-platelet medication are sometimes recommended.

Prevention

  •  No smoking is recommended.
  •  Take a minimum fat and cholesterol.
  •  Eat lot of fruits and vegetables.
  •  No sodium or salty food.
  •  Do exercise.
  •  Take very little alcohol.
  •  Keep a healthy weight.
  •  No illicit drugs or cocaine.
  •  Try to handle diabetes.

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