Birth control is a procedure of the deliberate prevention of pregnancy or childbirth, which involves the use of different procedures, devices, sexual practices, or medications. The most appropriate method depends on the individual. To determine which one will be the best, partner should examine different factors such as health, frequency of sexual activity, life style and personal preferences regarding family planning.
Birth control methods
Birth control methods are divided into three major groups:
- The prevention of fertilization, also known as the contraception, is a method of preventing the sperm of getting to eggs. It involves the use of condoms, diaphragms and other intrauterine devices.
- Method of keeping the woman's ovaries from releasing eggs that could be fertilized. Birth control pills are most commonly used in this method.
- Method of sterilization. This method prevents female from becoming pregnant, or a male from being capable to make a woman pregnant.
Condoms are the most commonly used barrier devices. The use of condoms lessens the likelihood of pregnancy and the spreading of sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms are most commonly made from latex. Regular condom is put on a man’s erect penis to prevent the ejaculated semen from getting inside of the uterus. Female condoms are also available, and they are manufactured from polyurethane.
The main advantage of condoms is that they are cheap, available and relatively easy to use. It is the only means of birth control that protects against sexually transitive diseases, too.
Birth control pills, also known as oral contraceptives, are hormonal medicines taken for the intention of birth control. There are two main kinds of birth control pills: the combined oral contraceptive pill and progestogen only pill.
The combined oral contraceptive pill, also known as “the Pill”, is taken orally every day. It includes the combination of two hormones: estrogen and progestin. The main way the pill works is by stopping the ovaries releasing an egg each month. The pill is effective only if a woman takes it according to the instructions. If this is a case, the pill is effective in 99 percents of all cases.
Progestogen Only Pill contains only progestin and it is also known as “the mini pill”. It works by reducing and thickening the cervical mucus to stop the sperm from getting to the egg. Additionally, this pill forms mucus at the entrance of the cervix, which serves as a barrier that doesn’t allow the sperm to penetrate.
The human reproductive system needs somewhere around 7 days to adjust to the new hormonal levels. This is why, birth control pills do not offer immediate effect.
Emergency contraceptives are another way of birth control oral methods. They are also known as “the morning after pills”. Those pills are loaded with hormones able to restrain the ovulation without delay. However, this is extremely dangerous method that has a great number of side effects. It should be used only in the emergency cases and under medical supervision.