When it comes to the female reproductive system, it could be a very complex and sensitive issue, especially when it has an ovarian cysts disorder. These cysts have very thin walls and are filled with a fluid, and in most cases, they are benign and not dangerous. Only in 5% of the cases, do ovarian cysts have malign growths. Their appearance is quite common in women and can occur at any age.
Hemorrhagic ovarian cysts
Several types of ovarian cysts exist, and one of the most common is the hemorrhagic ovarian cyst, which occurs when the blood vessel in the ovarian cyst’s wall breaks and the blood starts to leak into the cyst. These type of cysts are also known as, blood cysts, hematocysts and hematoceles.
Many women never notice these cysts since they tend to appear and disappear without any treatment within one or two menstrual periods. Only in case of endometriosis, a surgery is required. Hemorrhagic ovarian cysts can be complex cysts, ruptured cysts and ovarian dermoid cysts.
Complex ovarian cysts
This type of hemorrhagic ovarian cyst is the most dangerous and since it can be cancerous and life threatening, it is important to treat them promptly. Complex ovarian cysts are growths on the ovarian cysts in the shape of a sac or pouch, filled with liquid or solid material. These cysts may contain hair strands or even complex ovarian septa. When the complex ovarian cysts are filled with solid substance, it is referred to as tumor, which can be granulose cell tumor, fibroma or Brenner tumor.
The main cause for the occurrence of complex ovarian cysts has not been established yet. However, there are several potential causes, which may be responsible for the development of complex ovarian cysts, such as ovarian cancer, metastatic cancer and hormonal imbalance. Furthermore, it is also considered that, smoking, early first menstruation, obesity and infertility contribute to the forming of this type of ovarian cysts.
Symptoms of complex ovarian cysts
Complex ovarian cysts tend to grow and become large. Therefore, a very strong pain in the pelvic area is the first symptom of this condition. This pain usually spreads to the abdomen and to the thighs. Painful intercourse and pain before or after the menstruation period, as well as breast tenderness vomiting and nausea, are also some of the signs that might indicate the presence of complex ovarian cysts.