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Definition

Even if using quinine carries a certain risk, quinine is a fantastic medication for malaria and some other medical condition. Quinine is a white crystalline alkaloid and has a few different properties such as the anti-fever, anti-arrhythmic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. But one needs to be careful when it comes to usage of the quinine. It is very important to follow instructions from a medical professional or doctor. The instructions for quinine usage need to be followed accurately and entirely.

The natural cinchona tree is natural quinine, although it has been produced in the lab. The Quechua Indians of Peru and Bolivia discovered cinchona tree: they knew about medicinal properties of quinine. Quinine went to Europe with Jesuits. Ever since 1600, it served as an effective treatment for malaria. In the Peruvian forest was used by the Indians of Peru to treat fever and high temperatures as well. Europeans started to use quinine in the early 17th century.

A cinchona tree as a quinine source was very practical medicine. During the II World War and being pressured by so many deaths, a research was conducted and it aimed to find out about synthetic production of quinine. Concrete results were done in 1944 when a chemical synthesis was discovered by American doctor R.B. Woodward and W.E. Doering. And ever since then, more of it was discovered. None of the discovery suited economically, because the isolation of alkaloid from natural sources needed more money.

First trial of quinine synthesize was done by William Henry Perkin in 1856. However, quinine was an official and effective medicine against malaria until 1940, when medical researchers discovered new medicine to treat malaria.

Today quinine in US can be found at the pharmacies, only with prescription. It can also be found in smaller amounts in regular tonic water. In nowadays, quinine treats arthritis and lupus. Quinine is an effective relaxant of muscles and can be mixed with medicine for a cramps treatment of muscle injuries. It has properties to reduce the symptoms of arthritis. And it is proven as a cure with a property for arthritis:; it managed to return immobile hand into a movable state. And in nowadays, it is known that quinine is pretty effective with treating lupus.

Side Effects of Quinine

Quinine injected intravenously, can be very toxic and can possibly trigger chinchonism. It can even lead to death and also can be given orally, which is quite rare. But quinine is bitter and hard to swallow, and some patient can not stand it. Another thing, quinine injected to muscles may even cause paralysis that can lasts for good.

There are also other side effects such as erectile hypertension, constipation, dysfunction, diarrhea, too fast heartbeat, fever, etc... All this needs to be consider, before taking medicine.

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