The medical term for fainting is syncope. This condition is among the most common conditions that affect human beings. In the majority of cases, it just represents a warning sign of some other health condition. Depending on the cause of fainting, it can be a harmless condition and not serious, but it can also be a symptom of some serious illness. Therefore, it is recommended to visit a doctor when it occurs. Fainting in children is a common condition. Almost half of the children population experiences it during their childhood.
Causes of fainting in children
Syncope in children may appear due to various reasons. In the majority of cases, fainting in children occurs because of a temporary condition when the brain does not receive enough amounts of oxygen. Vasovagal syncope is the medical term for the fainting in children caused by stress, fear or pain. Another cause of fainting in children is a condition called orthostatic hypotension. This cardiovascular disorder is marked by the sudden drop in the child’s blood pressure. Orthostatic hypotension occurs when the child sits or stands for a long period of time. Thus, the child causes the pulling of blood in the legs and lack of blood supply to the heart and the brain.
Several heart disorders and diseases may lead to the occurrence of fainting in children. For example, Kawasaki disease and ischemic heart disease, as well as Eisenmenger's syndrome, primary pulmonary hypertension and aortic valvar stenosis, are some of the cardiovascular diseases that may cause syncope in children. Furthermore, this condition in children may be induced by an injury or trauma to the head; for example, in an accident or when the child falls on the head.
There are several more health conditions that may be responsible for the incidence of fainting in children. These conditions are hysteria, epilepsy, rapid breathing and stroke, as well as inner ear problems. When there is a sudden drop in the blood sugar, the child may faint. Furthermore, the lack of water or dehydration may also lead to the occurrence of syncope in children.
Symptoms of fainting in children
Fainting in children is a condition that may manifests through several symptoms. However, these symptoms may not be the same in every child. While some children simply faint without any warning sign, there are the children who usually feel that they are going to faint and they inform the others about that. They may feel dizziness before fainting.