Peyronie's disease is a connective tissue disorder affecting the penis, blamed for problems and pain with erection. In men suffering from Peyronie's disease there is a lump in the shaft of the penis, an individual suffers from pain in the same area and once the organ is erected there is obvious abnormal angulation. Not all men experience all the mentioned problems. Still, if any of these are present, a man is due to consult his health care provider.
Underlying Causes of Peyronie's Disease
The penis comprises three cylinders all of which are covered with several sheaths and the skin. Along each side of the penis there are cylindrical structures called the corpora cavernosa. The corpora cavernosa is nothing but the erectile tissue which, once it gets filled with blood, contributes to erection of the organ. The corpora cavernosa is normally elastic and flexible and capable of becoming rigid enough during erection. In case of Peyronie's disease certain parts of the corpora cavernosa get replaced with fibrous plaques. These plaques are not elastic and during erection they cannot expand. This is the reason why the organ bends around the plaque once a man experiences erection. As a result of fibrous plaque presence, the organ is deformed each time erection occurs.
It is not clear why the condition occurs in the first place. However, experts believe that there is some connection between Peyronie's disease and genetics, injury to the penis, circulatory disorders and some medical conditions. The disease may run in families. Also, it is frequently reported in men who have suffered some kind of penile injury or those who have been treated for erectile dysfunction with penile injections.
Circulatory disorders such as hypertension, atherosclerosis etc. are also significant contributors to Peyronie's disease. Finally, men suffering from diabetes are reported to be more prone to this medical condition comparing to healthy individuals.
Peyronie's Disease Symptoms and Signs
The principal sign of Peyronie's disease is abnormal bending of the penis once the men achieves erection. There is different degree of deformity. The abnormal bending is also frequently associated with pain and/or discomfort. Pain may be so intensive that the affected men simply give up on having sex.
During palpation, one may feel a lump within the shaft of the penis. One more potential problem associated with Peyronie's disease is erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction is either in a form of complete inability to attain erection or a slight reduction in penile rigidity.
Because of all the mentioned men who happen to experience any such problems are due to consult their doctor and search for underlying causes which, if left untreated, may cause permanent damage in the sexual sphere.