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A dry socket after tooth extraction is a very painful condition and in most of the cases it appears after the wisdom tooth extraction. Dry socket is also called alveolar osteitis and it is caused due to the loss of dislodging of the blood clot. Forming of the blood clot is very important for the process of healing of the dry socket after wisdom tooth extraction. A dry socket usually appears a couple of days after the surgery and lasts for 5 of 6 days and it occurs more often in the case of impacted wisdom tooth extraction than in the case of the extraction of the lower wisdom tooth.

Causes

There are several causes of dry socket. Exposure of nerves and the bone to the fluids and food that you take, or even the air, is causing the condition in question. There are no exact explanations on why the blood clots don`t form or why they dislodge from their places  People who suffer from a dry socket can experience a severe pain not only in the mouth, but also on the whole side of the face. More causes of dry socket after tooth extraction include past history, drinking from a straw, gum or tooth infection, tobacco use, smoking, using birth control pills, difficult extraction surgery, lack of proper oral hygiene, etc. It is said that up to 5% of people who undergo tooth extraction suffer from dry socket.

Symptoms

Many symptoms may occur after the wisdom tooth extraction and pain is the most common of all. If you start feeling pain not only in the area of the extracted tooth, but also in the eye and ear on the same side of the face as the extracted tooth, then it is obviously a symptom of dry socket. There are few more symptoms of dry socket and they include swelling of the lymph nodes around the jaw and neck, unpleasant taste in the mouth, bad odor, etc.

Treatment

There are various methods that you can use as a treatment for dry socket after wisdom tooth extraction. You can use some painkillers or nonsteriodial anti-inflammatory drugs, but, you should always talk to the specialist and ask him/her for the prescription of the stronger medication in case these didn`t help you relieve the pain. You should have your socket cleaned and filled with medicated dressing in case of dry socket after tooth extraction. You should change the dressing every day for the next few days. Antibiotics may also be prescribed by the specialist in order to prevent infections. Dental and oral hygiene is very important, so keep the socket clean from debris, and sometimes a special mouthwash or saline water can help in dry socket after tooth extraction treatment. The complete healing process of dry socket lasts for about two weeks. If you want to prevent dry socket after tooth extraction, you should avoid smoking, consuming of alcohol, carbonated beverages and you should use a straw. Rinsing and brushing the mouth gently, eating only soft food and avoid spitting for a couple of days after the surgery can prevent you from a dry socket.

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