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Introduction

It is a widely known fact that tobacco is used by a largenumber of people everywhere around the world, and it affects almost one thirdof the entire popularity of the planet. It is among the largest preventablecauses of premature death and morbidity in the United States. Most people whosmoke usually develop the habit during their adolescence or sometimes evenearlier childhood. When perceived globally, the smoking rates are actuallydeclining, which is a good thing, but in the States, the adolescents aregradually increasing the rate of this harmful habit, especially since 1987. Theuse of smokeless tobacco is also terrifyingly increased over the past twodecades. Another problem with adolescent smokers is that they often continuesmoking into their adulthood and quite often they end up abusing alcoholicbeverages and various types of illicit substances. Smoking can damage the cellsin the lungs and the risk of development of lung cancer is much higher than inthose who do not smoke. An interesting fact is that female persons suffer froma much higher risk of lung cancer than the male adolescent smokers.

Pathophysiology

For those who do not know, the nicotine from the inhaledcigarette smoke gets to the brain rather rapidly as it does not take more than15 seconds. When the nicotine reaches the brain it actually activates certaintypes of receptors called the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, which areresponsible for releasing dopamine. The troubling fact is that the daily use oftobacco in schools all around the United States is actually quite alarmingsince there are more than 5 million smokers from the age group of 12-17 years old.There are also half a million smokers who are between 8 and 11 eleven yearsold, which is quite a shocking fact. Another interesting fact is that there aremuch more adolescent smokers who live in the rural areas than those who live inurban areas of the country. On a global level, the situation is a bit better,as there is one third of the world’s population who uses tobacco products. Menuse tobacco products much more than women, but the situation is a bit differentin developed countries, where the percentage of women who use tobacco productsis slightly higher. Numerous scientific studies have all unfortunately confirmedthat the tobacco products will be the world’s leading cause of morbidity by2030.

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