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Cow's milk protein allergy

Among all the dairy allergies, the one induced by the cows milk is the most common, especially when it comes to younger children. One upside, however, is that almost all babies do outgrow this specific allergy, and do so completely once they are two and three years old. Until the child reaches this age, their parents need not break their heads with this, since the best way to avoid it is to simply establish control by way of a dairy-free diet.

Allergy revealed

As most of the people already know, milk as such consists of proteins, carbohydrates (sugar), vitamins, minerals, fat and last but not the least water. And it is those proteins that are responsible for any allergic reaction, after the initial sip. This protein allergy can potentially develop in children who are breastfed, as well as in those children who are fed by formula. Important to emphasize is that the former are at a far lesser risk of developing this specific allergy, and any food allergy come to that. However, there is a slight chance that even these children develop this protein allergy by way of encountering the milk protein coming from the diet of their mother, and thus directly into the mother’s milk. Also, some children, i.e. babies, may develop sensitivity to the protein coming from the cow’s milk without experiencing any allergic reaction, at least not until the moment they consume the proper cow’s milk themselves.

Most frequent manifestations

Those babies who have the misfortune of coming down with this allergy might exhibit symptoms such as skin rash and/or eczema, cramps, pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, and vomiting may take place on a more regular basis. As far as those more serious reactions are concerned, certain children may develop one known as the anaphylaxis. This is known to take place in just a matter of minutes after the child has indigested the food variety allergic to. Manifestations include swelling of the face, tongue and the mouth, causing hindrances in breathing, as well as hives and rash, flushing and severe vomiting.

Treatment methods

When it comes to those children who are breastfed, important to know is that once diagnosed with this allergy, this does not mean there should be a stop in breastfeeding. All it takes for this to be alleviated is for a mom to exclude dairy products from her every day diet. In case of children who are fed with milk-based formula, there will be a need to change to soy-based or hydrolysate formula. 

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