Acute sinusitis is an inflammation of the mucosallayer in paranasal cavities, which happens because of the inadequate drainage due to some sort of obstruction of those areas, or due toinfection or allergy.
About acute sinusitis
The most common type of acute sinusitis ispost viral super infection that happens when the bacteria enters and affects maxillarysinuses. Beside maxillary sinuses, this type of sinusitis can also affect othersinuses, such as frontal, ethomidal etc. Basic factors that induce thecondition of acute sinusitis are streptococcus pneumonia, haemophilusinfluenza, moraxella catarrhalis and some other, but these three bacteria aremostly responsible for acute sinusitis.
There are other factors that weaken the mucosalayers in the mentioned sinuses and those are cigarette smoke, chronic pollenallergy, rhinitis induced by inhalation of various gases in some professions, etc. Symptoms include increased body temperature, local pain in a form ofpressure (which increases when a person leans forward), nose excretion, usuallywith the presence of pus, obstructed breathing pathways in nose. Sometimes,irritable coughing might occur, inflammation of pharynx (part of the throat),infections of respiratory tract, and inability to sense different aromas. Ifcomplications are serious, infection can also affect eye area, surroundingbones and central nervous system.
Sometimes, acute sinusitis might be a resultof some fungal infection. In these cases, method of therapy includes medicationsthat are applied intravenously. When it comes to the dosage, it always depends on the intensity of the condition and therefore differsfrom case to case.
Treating acute sinusitis
Diagnose is made due to symptoms,bacteriological examination and ultrasound. Bacteriological analysis is done ifa standard therapy did not show any positive effects. Therapy includes amoxicillinwith flavonic acid, but cephalosporin and tetracycline are also used, as well as analgesics (in order to eliminate the pain) and nose drops. If the last two do not help, sinuses have tobe lavaged. Local corticosteroids can also relieve some of the problems thatcome with acute sinusitis. Chirurgical treatment is the last step in treatment,if all mentioned methods above fail to make any progress.
Besides medications, the doctors recommend the change in the way of living, in order to make the therapy more efficient and to preventthe possibility of relapse. Rest is always needed and welcomed, drinking largequantities of water is excellent for improved drainage, steaming of sinus cavitiesis also good for drainage and there are also some tips, such as laying withhead on a higher level than body.