What we call our eardrum is a tissuebetween our ear canal and our inner ear. It is called like this because itresembles this percussion instrument and with its vibrations itresonates sound while at the same time it is protecting our inner earfrom any possible injuries. Any damage done to this tissue isreferred to as ruptured eardrum.
Many different factors may be the causeof a ruptured eardrum, however, to be aware of this kind of injuryone must recognize certain symptoms. Namely, if youexperience any sudden ear pain which goes away quickly as well assame lasting spinning or vertigo sensation, or perhaps, bloodydrainage from the ear or even hearing loss, you might suffer fromthis injury. In such cases, where these symptoms appear, it is bestto visit your doctor.
Causes for this injury are various.Eardrum rapture may be caused by direct damage by a foreign object aswell as severe skull injuries. Our eardrum is known to be prone torapture if exposed to excessive air pressure or air pressure changes.Mostly, these occurs in airplane traveling since there are suddenand frequent pressure variations. Additionally, a middle earinfection may also be the cause for this rupture. Fluids from theinfection press the eardrum, eventually making a hole in it. If ourear gets exposed to very loud sounds like explosions or sound blastsof any kind, the eardrum may burst in certain places adding thesesituations to the list of possible causes.
One of the worst complications of thisinjury is of course loss of hearing. It may vary depending on the sizeand the severity of the rupture itself, hearing loss being just atemporary thing in the healing process or a permanent hearing damage,either complete or partial.
Various bacteria may enter a rupturedeardrum opening door to a middle ear infection which, if not treatedimmediately, may also cause permanent hearing loss.
Finally, the wax-like substancenormally expelled from our ear may get inside our ruptured eardrum,forming a cyst which may cause significant damage to this region.
In order to avoid this injury, one mustsimply take care in certain situations. Wear earplugs when exposed toloud noises or high air pressure. Also, be careful when using cottonswabs or similar items for ear hygiene, in order not to damage it. Incases of any possible infections or symptoms mentioned above, contactyour doctor as soon as possible and prevent any further ear damage.