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The hysterectomy is a very serious procedure. It is usually left on the patient to decide whether the procedure is needed or not, since there are different kinds of treatment, and so, every patient has to be educated about this surgery and know the risks of performing it. But since the risk of not performing the procedure is much greater, patients usually go with the hysterectomy. Avoiding the treatment can even lead to cervix or uterine cancer.

As we have stated, there are many treatments which can be done instead of hysterectomy, but when several conditions are concerned, the procedure is often necessary. Those conditions are bleeding from uterine (induced by infection or childbirth), pelvic adhesions, fibroid tumors and endometriosis. The procedure is usually performed when a patient experience prolapsed of the uterine, pre-cancerous cells, ovarian cysts, chronic pelvic pain and ectopic pregnancy. The previously stated conditions can be treated without the surgery, but if those methods are unsuccessful, surgery has to be performed. 

Now we will say a few words about the different types of hysterectomy. The removal of the cervix, vagina's top area, lymph nodes, tissue around the cervix and uterus is connected with radical hysterectomy. Hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy is followed by a surgical menopause. After the ovaries removal, patients will go under the hormone replacement therapy during the stay in the hospital. This procedure is usually preformed for ovaries tumor, ectopic pregnancy, or endometriosis. When the removal of the fallopian tubes, cervix and the uterus is performed, this procedure is called total hysterectomy. In this procedure, the ovaries are intact. Those were the types of hysterectomy which are possible today. When a person experiences problems, the type of the hysterectomy which will be done, will be determined after the consultation with the doctor. When a person performs the abdominal hysterectomy, the incision can be done vertically and horizontally. The length of this incision should not be longer than eight inches.

The post-operative period will take minimum four or five weeks, while hospital stay lasts from three to five days. The shorter recovery is possible with vaginal hysterectomy, which is performed through the vagina. Some side effects after the surgery are possible as well, such as infections (especially infection of urinary tract), depression, and decrease in sexual desire. For vaginal dryness, patient can try estrogen cream. After the surgery, the visits to the doctor should not be forgotten. The visits can prevent the risks of vaginal cancer and other problems. The other treatments for the problem are drugs or pelvic exercises. But the treatment will definitely bring better days to those suffering from stated problems.

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