This is a procedure that helps the doctor to detect the problems and general condition of the heart, along with the arteries, valves and muscles. This process is done when a patient suffers from symptoms of heart problems. Such symptoms are fainting spells, problems with breathing, lightheadedness and chest pain. There are several problems that can affect you heart and one of them is the problem of the valves. These valves release the blood and they can experience problems, like stenosis, which causes the reduction of the opening through which the blood flows. Leakage, regurgitation or incompetence are names for some problem associated with heart valves. This problem causes the improper closure of the opening. With the procedure we are talking about, not all valves can be examined, but only mitral and aortic. Plaque is the buildup of the cells, which leads to clogging of the coronary arteries. This causes the reduction of blood flow and the supply of the oxygen to the rest of the body. When this happens, the heart becomes weaker over time and eventually dilapidates. Doing a strenuous activity demands more oxygen and increased blood flow. When the arteries are clogged, this can be a problem. When this happens, a person will experience shortness of breath, irregular heartbeats and chest pain.
The procedure in question can sometimes cause some complications. Cardiac catheterization can lead to minor infection, reactions to dye or medications, abnormal heartbeats and bleeding. These complications usually go away quickly, but sometimes they can be very serious. Other complications include kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, lung problems, damage of the nerve or bleed vessels, blood clots and heart problems. A person should not be afraid of these complications, since they are extremely rare, as we have said. One study has shown that a heart attack can be caused by cardiac catheterization in 5 cases out of 10 000, though the numbers increase depending on the state of the patient. If the patient is seriously ill, out of 10 000 patients, 10 can experience heart attack. But, if the patient is healthy, the numbers diminish to nothingness. In these cases, only one patient among 10 000 patients experiences heart attack. Other minor complications include allergic reaction, nausea, temporary pain, vomiting, scaring, and bruising. In some cases, hospital stay is needed after the cardiac catheterization. This may include surgery, blood transfusion but in some cases, this may save your life. It is important to know everything about this procedure if you are considering it. Take everything in consideration and make a choice.