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Causes of excessive thirst in children

Information on Excessive Thirst in Children

Excessive thirst in children may be an indication and a symptom of numerous different types of medical conditions, disorders and diseases. A large number of children complain of being thirsty quite often. Sometimes their parents simply ignore the symptom because they think that the children complain of thirst because of dehydration. Excessive thirst may be an indication of various underlying conditions and some of them may be quite serious.

Excessive Thirst Causes in Children

The most common cause of excessive thirst in children is probably diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition which consists of the triad known as polyphagia, polydipsia and polyuria. Polyphagia is a medical condition which involves excessive hunger, polydipsia is another medical condition which involves excessive thirst and polyuria can be characterized by excessive urination. The cause of those medical conditions is an increased amount of glucose in the child’s blood stream. This type of diabetes is referred to as type 1 diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes and it is the type which usually occurs in children.

The beta cells in the pancreas which are in charge of producing insulin get destroyed and the body cannot produce enough insulin. Because it occurs in children it is also sometimes referred to as the juvenile diabetes. Another medical condition that may be causing excessive thirst is diabetes insipidus. It involves the deficiency of a specific anti-diuretic type of hormone and the insensitivity of the kidneys to the same type of hormone. The condition is commonly affiliated with frequent urination which ultimately results in excessive thirst in children.

Another medical condition that may be associated with excessive thirst in children is dehydration. It involves an excessive loss of fluids from the human body and it may be triggered by a large number of different factors. Viral infections are known for causing dehydration along with diarrhea, high fever and vomiting. There are also certain types of parasitic and bacterial infections that can be held responsible for the occurrence of dehydration.


Other Causes of Excessive Thirst in Children

Among other causes of excessive thirst in children is a medical condition known as congestive heart failure. Certain other types of medical conditions such as hypovolemia can also be associated with the occurrence of excessive thirst in children. There are also different types of kidney diseases which can be held responsible for the occurrence of excessive thirst in children. The treatment always depends on the underlying cause of the condition.

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