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Information on Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

Conjuctiva is a transparent membrane which is very moist andthin and it covers the insides of the eyelids and the white part of the eye.The white part of the eye is medically referred to as sclera. The conjunctivaserves as the protection of the eyeball. There are numerous little bloodvessels in the conjunctiva which are so small that they are barely visible.

When the eye suffers from an inflammatory condition the vessels grow bigger andbecome visible. The blood vessels are very fragile and when their walls breakit causes a medical condition known as subconjunctival hemorrhage.

Thecondition can be easily recognized by a patch on the sclera.

Causes and Treatment

In most cases of this condition it is a spontaneous occurrencewhich happened without some obvious cause. Quite often subconjunctivalhemorrhages occur in the morning, upon awakening. There are a few factors whichmay be possible causes for the occurrence of a subconjunctival hemorrhage.

These may or may not include sneezing, certain different types of medicaldisorders, coughing, bleeding disorders, straining, high blood pressure,vomiting, injuries, and eye rubbing. Other causes may include certain types ofeye infections, traumatic injuries to the eye or the head, eye surgeries andeyelid surgeries.

Multiple occurrences of subconjunctival hemorrhages requireimmediate medical attention. There are also other situations which requireprofessional medical care. Those can be occurrences of hemorrhage in both eyesat the same time and hemorrhages that do not heal on their own after two weeks.If the condition gets accompanied by bleeding gums or easy bruising, one mustseek immediate professional medical attention. One should visit the doctor at once if experiencing subconjunctivalhemorrhage with painful sensations, traumatic injuries to the eye, blurryvision, high blood pressure, double vision, bleeding disorder or difficulty seeing.

The most common symptom of the condition is blood that covers the whiteportions of the eye. Painful sensations only occur in some rare cases.Sometimes a person may experience a sense of fullness under the eyelid or aslight irritation of the eye. The hemorrhage usually covers only some parts ofthe white portions of the eye, but in some rare case it may cover the entirewhite part of the eye.

It should be mentioned that in this condition no bloodactually exits from the affected eye. The hemorrhage gradually decreases insize as the blood gets absorbed. This medical condition does not require anymedical treatment as it usually heals on its own.

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