Information on Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
Conjuctiva is a transparent membrane which is very moist and thin and it covers the insides of the eyelids and the white part of the eye. The white part of the eye is medically referred to as sclera. The conjunctiva serves as the protection of the eyeball. There are numerous little blood vessels in the conjunctiva which are so small that they are barely visible.
When the eye suffers from an inflammatory condition the vessels grow bigger and become visible. The blood vessels are very fragile and when their walls break it causes a medical condition known as subconjunctival hemorrhage.
The condition can be easily recognized by a patch on the sclera.
Causes and Treatment
In most cases of this condition it is a spontaneous occurrence which happened without some obvious cause. Quite often subconjunctival hemorrhages occur in the morning, upon awakening. There are a few factors which may be possible causes for the occurrence of a subconjunctival hemorrhage.
These may or may not include sneezing, certain different types of medical disorders, coughing, bleeding disorders, straining, high blood pressure, vomiting, injuries, and eye rubbing. Other causes may include certain types of eye infections, traumatic injuries to the eye or the head, eye surgeries and eyelid surgeries.
Multiple occurrences of subconjunctival hemorrhages require immediate medical attention. There are also other situations which require professional medical care. Those can be occurrences of hemorrhage in both eyes at the same time and hemorrhages that do not heal on their own after two weeks. If the condition gets accompanied by bleeding gums or easy bruising, one must seek immediate professional medical attention. One should visit the doctor at once if experiencing subconjunctival hemorrhage with painful sensations, traumatic injuries to the eye, blurry vision, high blood pressure, double vision, bleeding disorder or difficulty seeing.
The most common symptom of the condition is blood that covers the white portions of the eye. Painful sensations only occur in some rare cases. Sometimes a person may experience a sense of fullness under the eyelid or a slight irritation of the eye. The hemorrhage usually covers only some parts of the white portions of the eye, but in some rare case it may cover the entire white part of the eye.
It should be mentioned that in this condition no blood actually exits from the affected eye. The hemorrhage gradually decreases in size as the blood gets absorbed. This medical condition does not require any medical treatment as it usually heals on its own.