Pain in the shoulders and neckcan be dull, sharp, crimpy, shock like, burning or stabbing. Any type leads tostiffness of the neck and shoulder and reduces motion. Sometimes even headachesmay occur. Weakness is usually caused by severe pain and possible nerveinjuries. One must distinguish weakness from inability to move caused byinflammation or pain.
Numbness may occur if the nervesget bruised or damaged. It may cause altered, burning or no sensation at all. Acool feeling in the arm means that the veins or arteries are injured or blockedand there is insufficient flow of blood in the arm. Skin color changes alsoindicate artery and in vein injuries.
Redness is a sign of infection ofinflammation. Rashes and bruising can also occur. The whole arm may be swollenor the swelling may be localized. Muscle spasms can provide sensations similarto swelling too. Deformities and dislocations may cause certain injured areasto appear swollen. Fractures, dislocations and torn ligaments can causeabnormal positioning of certain bone structures and result in deformity.
Minor injuries with mild painsensations can be treated at home, while more severe and serious conditionsrequire immediate medical attention. The process of recovery may be sped up byresting as much as possible and minimizing the movement of the injured area.Gradual exercising is also suggested.
Ice can be applied in a plasticbag which was wrapped with a towel to relieve the pain and inflammation.Applying ice directly to the skin can damage it. Elevating the injured areaabove the height of the patient’s heart reduces the pain and the swelling.Painkillers can come in handy for the same reasons. It is important that thepatient does not expose the injured area to any source of heat in the firstweek because it worsens the pain and increases the swelling.
Medical treatment consists ofacetaminophens and anti-inflammatory drugs. A cast, sling or splint may berequired for the immobilization of the injured limb. The patient usually getsinstructed to rest, reduce the motion of the injured area and to keep itelevated. In cases of severe injuries, patients sometimes need to behospitalized for a few days.
In order to prevent injuries onemust always be careful and avoid any potential hazards. Exercises can also behelpful in keeping the neck and the shoulders at a reduced risk of injury. Oneshould always know the limitations of their skills and use appropriate safetyequipment in order to reduce the possibility of injuries.