Coughing up blood in themorning is not a pleasant thing to experience. Our body is designed to expel anyforeign substances from the body by coughing phlegm and there is nothingstrange about that process. However, sometimes phlegm can have traces of bloodin it and this is what people see as a possible sign of a serious condition.
Doctors refer to blood in the phlegm as hemoptysis andthere are several reasons for coughing up blood. Sometimes thecause can be as simple as the nosebleed and this should not be bothersome. However,some of the causes of hemoptysis can be serious, such as different lung diseases and these must be checked out, controlledand treated by your doctor.
What Causes Blood in Phlegm?
Any bleeding happening somewhere in the respiratory tractcan provoke blood in the sputum. Allergic reactions or serious bacterialinfections of the throat can damage blood vessels in the respiratory tract andcause this problem.
Lung problems such as bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia, variouslung infections or bronchiectasis can be blamed for the blood found in thephlegm. Lung and cystic fibrosis, pulmonary embolism, tuberculosis (TBC), lungabscesses, lung cancer or emphysema can also provoke the same problem.
Different cardiovascular problems like congestive heartfailure, mitral stenosis or regurgitation and arteriovenous malformations maybe the reasons of blood in phlegm. Problems with blood clotting mayalso lead to blood in phlegm in the morning.
Heavy smokers must not neglect the presence of blood in theirmorning sputum and the same goes for people noticing thick bloody mucus. Bothgroups of people must visit their doctor as soon as possible to diagnose theirproblem properly and avoid any potential complications.
The doctor needs to examine the patient with blood in phlegm properly and diagnose the cause of it before prescribing any treatment. Treatment options depend on thecause of blood in phlegm, so the doctor needs to find out what is the underlying cause of this.
Such people should make sure to report all of their signs and symptoms to thedoctor and should not forget to mention anything they are experiencing. For example cough, breathingdifficulties, rapid breathing, tightness in the chest area etc. should all be reported to the doctor as these could be very important pieces of information to the doctor trying to determine the exact cause of blood in phlegm. Several bloodtests and imaging techniques are commonly used to diagnose the condition afterwhich your doctor will be ready to treat you properly, with medications or someother measures.
People experiencing bloody mucus must stop smoking. Thishabit increases the risk of possible complications and you should quitinstantly. Proper hydration and healthy diet are also found to be extremely importantfor everyone suffering from this problem.