A bladder is an organ that collects urine excreted by the kidneys. In cases of overactive bladder, results is urinary urgency (involuntary, sudden, and unstoppable urge to urinate), although your bladder may contain only a small amount of urine. Symptoms may also include urinary inconsistence, which is a result of anatomic weakness in the bladder muscles and nerves, and their contractions have nothing to do with the amount of the urine in the bladder.
This medical problem may develop in any age with both men and women, especially in the older ones. But you must not treat overactive bladder as a normal part of old age and you must ask your doctor for an adequate treatments.
There is a list of things you can do by yourself to prevent or contain this problem;
Toileting assistance is habit trained and scheduled use of the toilet. It helps you to empty your bladder regularly and to the full, to prevent leaks.
Bladder training helps to delay or expands a periods in which you go to toilet to urinate, and to resist the urge, when caught in a place without a bathroom.
Vaginal weight training is a way for women to train their vaginal muscles with small weights. This should be done for 15 minutes, twice a day.
Kegel exercises can help you, if performed daily and regularly, to exercise your pelvic muscles, in order to prevent and improve urinary incoherence. You should perform this exercises 30-50 times a day, make sure to apply a proper exercise techniques. This exercise can help you to strengthen urethra and pelvic muscles.
Pelvic floor electrical stimulation is also a god way to help you with overactive bladder problems. These stimulations are performed by stimulating your muscles to contract with mild electrical pulses. You can combine this stimulation together with Kegel exercises.
Biofeedback, also in combination with Kegel exercises, helps you to gain control of your pelvic muscles.
There is also some commonly used medicament, called anticholinergics. These remedies help you to regulate and diminish activities of your detrusor muscle. Also, some of this drugs are still in clinical trial phase, so be aware of side effects. For a way and frequency of use, it is best for you to consult with your doctor.
Here is a list of some of these medicaments;
Estrogen hormone, in form of pills or tablets, in combination with other medicaments, is sometimes helpful with women in post menopause period.
Solifenacin is newer medicament in the market, and it is taken once per day.
Tolterodine affects salivary glands little les than other medicaments in this group, and therefore has a less side effects.
Fesoterodine flumarate is taken once per day, and side effects may be dry mouth and constipation.
Oxybutynin is taken 2-3 times a day, and it can also be in a form of a skin patch.
Darifenacin is one of the medicaments often prescribed in cases of overactive bladder. It is a newer drug, and has fewer side effects than others.
Surgery is rarely needed in cases of overactive bladder, and is it called reconstructive bladder surgery, or cystoplasty.