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Significantly lower amounts ofestrogen in women after menopause causes physical change and uncomfortablesymptoms. It also poses a greater risk for diseases like osteoporosis. Hormonereplacement therapy controls the symptoms of menopause, prevents osteoporosis, andprevents female cancers and heart diseases.

Risk of heart disease developmentincreases after menopause because of the connection of the changes of estrogenlevels with the changes in the levels of fat in the blood. These changes canlead to heart attacks and atherosclerosis. Estrogen can even protect from highblood pressure and blood clots when taken in smaller doses. Hot flashes aresudden waves of heat transmitted from the chest to the neck and the face.Estrogen is always efficient in eliminating these conditions.

Osteoporosis is a disease thatmakes the bone more porous and gradually more prone to fracture. Estrogenlessens the possibility of osteoporosis after menopause in women. Oral or creamestrogen prevents burning, itching, painful intercourses and vaginal andbladder infections. The therapy is used to thicken the vaginal and bladderwalls and to stimulate the vaginal glands.

Estrogen is also beneficial inreducing irritability, feelings of sadness and crying spells which are mostlytypical during menopause. It also boosts the efficiency of certainantidepressant drugs. Progesterone therapy gets added to the estrogen therapyfor the prevention of endometrial cancer can cause depression. Moodcomplexities caused by two different hormones must be worked out with thedoctor.

Female reproductive tract relieson estrogen and it restores the degenerative changes caused by menopause. Itkeeps the vagina more pliable and properly lubricated which is important forsexual activity. Androgen supplements are also beneficial in increasing thesexual desire and motivation, and ultimately sexual pleasure.

Calcium, vitamin D and variousexercises are good for the health of bones but might not be enough inpostmenopausal women. Sometimes Fosemax and Macklin need to be taken to preventand treat osteoporosis.

When progesterone gets added tothe therapy it adds more beneficial effects. The effects can be even furtherimproved with the addition of testosterone to the therapy. Nasal spray, transversaland oral estrogens provide the best results. Estrogen cannot reverse sundamage, repair broken blood vessels and damage induced by smoking, but it canhelp in the regulation of oil gland activity.

Estrogen and progesteronecombined have beneficial properties that keep the incidence of endometrialcancer at a lower rate. Endometrial cancer is a cancer of the uterus.

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