Behavior modification techniques are effective approach when dealing with a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The disorder can be treated with medications as well. However, behavior modification techniques are the way of dealing with negative behaviors and stimulating desirable behaviors without side effects commonly associated with medications. Behavior modification techniques teach an affected person how to cope with and defeat their disorder.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurobehavioral, developmental disorder that affects children. It is a chronic condition characterized by impulsiveness, hyperactivity and inattention. A child with ADHD is restless, has difficulty concentrating, trouble sustaining attention, talks excessively and often interrupts others. The condition leads to poor performance at school and troubled relationship. Attention deficit disorder is treated with medications such as stimulant drugs and antidepressants, counseling and therapy or combination of these. But, medications do not have long-lasting results and often entail serious side effects. On the other hand, with the help of behavior modification, inappropriate behaviors can be replaced with more desirable ones.
Behavior Modification Techniques
Positive and Negative Reinforcement
Behavior modification techniques aim to replace negative behavior with negative or positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcements involve encouraging desirable behaviors through system of rewards in order to increase frequency of such behaviors in the future. Negative reinforcements target to reduce inappropriate behaviors by eliminating negative consequences of such behaviors.
It is important to known that only a single behavior can be modified at a time, while it is impossible to modify several behaviors all together. In the process parents, teachers and therapists can be involved but they all must first address the most bothersome behavior and than deal with other behaviors in the order of primacy.
Choose Enforcement Plan
Reinforcement plan should be determined in advance for each behavior that should be modified. If it is not the case, reinforcement scheme will not be as effective and may seem impulsive and unreasonable to a child. Behavior modification should mainly consist of positive reinforcements and the reward must be in accordance with performed desirable behavior. Negative reinforcements should also be included, provided the punishment too is appropriate to a particular negative behavior.
Application of Enforcement Plan
It is vital to be consistent and calm when applying a reinforcement scheme. Logically, this will induce a calm reaction in children and they will accept the reinforcement.
Change the Plan if Necessary
When you notice the reward is no longer stimulating nor punishment is intimidating, you can make changes. It is only important to keep motivating children in order to modify their behavior.