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The food that people eat today and the food that people ate several hundreds of years ago is totally different. The reason why is that so lies in the progression of science and technology. With the improvement of science and technology there are lots of foods available to people nowadays. That is the reason why nutrition has become very popular and important. Once, people might have eaten just to survive but that is not the case in the modern era.


Nutrition consists of six essential nutrition groups. These groups are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water. Every one of these groups plays a part in the person's well being and general health. In order to get the best from every group a person needs to carefully balance the diet. However, this is not the only way of classifying food and there is the food pyramid. This pyramid covers fat, dairy, meat, fruits, vegetables and grains.

Every one of these groups is important and a person should not exclude any of them from the diet. In order to avoid stomach disorders, ulcers, indigestion and some other problems that are connected with food, a person needs to include all the groups in the diet. In order to do that a person needs to balance their consumption. By doing so, a person will include all the groups and the body will use all the ingredients and not waste any of them.

Foods to avoid

When coming up with the right diet a person should know that starchy food, fatty foods, spicy food and foods that contain additives must be avoided whenever that is possible. Consumption of these foods will not help the process of digestion. On the other hand, salt and sugar are important and a person must not exclude them from the diet. However, if a person eats too much salt and sugar, he or she will not get the wanted benefits from them.

A person needs to be careful because there are plenty of foods out there that might taste good but there are no health benefits gained from consuming them. Such foods are known as empty calorie foods. Some of these foods are soft drinks, certain types of snacks and processed food. Lots of people are tempted by these foods but a person needs to remain strong in order to follow a well balanced diet.

Experts agree that an excellent diet is the one that has saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, sugar, salt, meats, fruits, vegetables, wholegrain products, dairy products that are either low or normal fat, fish, nuts and poultry. Another very important part of a good diet is the number of calories.

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