Azithromycin and themain characteristics
Azithromycin is a medication that belongs to the group ofantibiotics, and that is usually prescribed for the treatment of various infectionsthat are caused by bacteria, but it also used for the treatment of sexuallytransmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and chancroid. When it comesto viral infections, this antibiotic is not effective at all, so its use insuch cases should not be considered. Its mechanism of action is simple; it affectscertain activities that are responsible for bacteria’s ability to make proteinsand multiply, and it kills them. In order to work properly, it has to be takenexactly as prescribed, which means each day at the same time, with a glass ofwater, and with food, if necessary.
Possible side effectsof azithromycin
There certainly are side effects related to this medication,but the fact is that with the proper use, many can be avoided. For example,since there are certain medications that should not be combined with thisantibiotic, it is necessary to inform the doctor about all the drugs,supplements and vitamins that might be taken at that moment. Some of thepotentially dangerous combinations include simultaneous use of azithromycinwith warfarin, aluminium or magnesium antacids, digoxin, carbamazepine,triazolam, or quinine. Also, people who suffer from some kind of liver orkidney disease or failure, those who have some problems with heart, or those whohave any kind of medication allergy should not be prescribed with azithromycinat all, or the dosage should be adjusted (lowered). The same goes for breastfeedingand pregnant women, and people who are about to have a surgery.
According to the results of some studies that have beenconducted on the side effects of this antibiotic, the most commonly reportedare nausea, diarrhea, headache, pain in the stomach and rash that cannot beexplained, but all of them are considered to be rather mild and they don’t requireadditional medical treatment. Still, those that indicate that the medication shouldnot be used any more are blood in the stool, yellowing of the skin and othersigns that indicate jaundice or problems with liver, wheezing, problems withbreathing and swallowing, irregular heartbeat and other signs that indicatesevere allergic reaction. Very rarely, azithromycin may cause constipation,heartburn, vertigo, lower blood pressure, ringing in the ears, dehydration andincreased sun sensitivity.