Asherman's Syndrome is a condition which involves an occlusion of the female genital tract. It is a condition which can cause the walls of the uterus to stick to each other and can be related to uterine inflammation. Asherman's Syndrome can be caused for a variety of different reasons and can result from a woman having an aggressive D & C, intrauterine surgery, because of uterine structure defects or due to an infection after a C-section delivery.
Symptoms of Asherman's Syndrome can include a decrease or absence of menstrual periods, infertility or recurrent miscarriages. The likelihood of Asherman's Syndrome is increased after a D & C or other type of uterine surgery. For a couple that has been experiencing difficulty when trying to conceive, a visit to a fertility specialist can determine if this is the reason behind an inability a woman has in not being able to get pregnant. Asherman's Syndrome and infertility problems can be responsible for many women not being able to get pregnant. To check if a woman has Asherman's Syndrome requires a pelvic examination, if suspected, a physician may also order a hysterosalpingogram or an X-ray of the uterine region. A small camera can be inserted into the pelvic region which will allow a physician to check the uterus using magnification to see if there is scar tissue present. If infertility is a problem for a woman, other testing may be performed to determine if there are any other issues are present.
When Asherman's Syndrome is causing infertility issues, it needs to be treated if a woman wants to have a baby. Surgical treatment of the condition includes cutting and removing the scar tissue by hysteroscopy and once it is removed, the uterine cavity must remain open to prevent the tissue to reforming. A physician could also place a small balloon into the uterus and use hormone replacement therapy to help speed the healing of the uterine tissue. Asherman's Syndrome and infertility are a topic which requires more research and studying to determine just how many women suffer from the condition. With careful medical consideration and treatment, however, the condition can be treated and when the couple ends up trying to conceive, the results can be successful.