Antidepressant medications are the treatment recommended and prescribed for people suffering from depression (as the name of the drugs suggests). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of antidepressants as a therapy for depression. However, this is not the only use of these drugs, because many of them are “off-label” used as weight loss aids, although off label treatment is not approved by the FDA.
Most doctors disagree that anti-depressive medications should be used as the treatment for obesity and weight loss, but people still use them. Before starting any treatment for weight loss it is necessary to consult your doctor. Hear his/her advice and follow the prescription for weight loss medications to the letter, in order to avoid any potential harm for your body. You should never use antidepressants without consulting your doctor first.
Weight Loss Antidepressants
It is difficult to choose specific antidepressant for weight loss, because there are many medications used for the treatment of depression that are believed to help people wanting to lose extra pounds. These medications work in several different ways, and the mechanism of work may include: increase of metabolism, increase of energy in people on diet, as well as the reduction of hunger and food cravings.
Selegiline and pramipexole are antidepressants that work by inhibiting the hormone prolactin. Reduction of prolactin in the body has been known to increase the production of thyroid hormones, leading to increased metabolism. Speeding up our metabolism, human body is able to burn even more calories than it is usual, even if the person is eating more food.
Reboxetine is an antidepressant which is believed to decrease the craving for certain foods, such as cookies, sweets or some carbohydrate foods and decrease the appetite. It is doing so by increasing the level of norepinephrine in the body.
Bupropion is one of the antidepressants found to be less effective for depression. Patients using this drug for weight loss have reported loss of some 4.4 kg in 6 to 12 months.
Adderal is one of the anti-depressive medications that was used for weight loss, but these days, it is mainly used as treatment for the attention deficit disorder (ADD) in children.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as lexapro, Paroxetine and fluoxetine (Prozac) are not advised for weight loss. In most cases these medications provoked weight gain, and people already experiencing problems with their weight should avoid them.
Antidepressant Adverse Effects
Patients are very likely to suffer from certain side effects when using these drugs. Dry mouth, nausea, constipation and sleepiness are very common, and such as sexual problems. Antidepressant overdose can put you at high risk of developing heart failure, while pregnant women may cause harm to their unborn child if using these medications.