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Antidepressants

Since thedepression has become very frequent disorder in this modern world, the usage ofantidepressants has become widespread. However, here we will discuss about theeffects of antidepressants and the possibility of addiction. Antidepressantsare actually drugs that are used in the treatment of depression and bipolardisorder. These medications function by changing the chemistry in our brain andreducing or increasing certain neurotransmitters that are responsible for mooddisorders. A lot of people use these medications, but very few of them know howthey really work to help them.

How do Antidepressants Work?

In ourbrain there are nerve cells called neurons and they are not directly connected,instead they have small space between them called synapse. Through thesesynapses information is transferred with the help of neurotransmitters. Whenone neuron releases neurotransmitter in the synaptic space, it actually sends a message.Then neurotransmitter stays in the synaptic space until the other neuronaccepts it. When described like this, it may seem like this process lasts long,but on the contrary, it is extremely fast. After this, that specificneurotransmitter is sent back to the nerve cell that released it in the firstplace or it is decomposed by chemicals. Neurotransmitters that are responsiblefor mood disorders are serotonin, dopamine, and norephinephrine. When a personis depressive, the production of neurotransmitters is enhanced andantidepressants help in lowering their level in the brain.

How do Antidepressants Work in the Brain?

Not allantidepressants work in the same way. We distinguish various types of thesemedications such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs,serotonin-norephinephrine reuptake inhibitors or SNRIs, tricyclicantidepressants or TCAs and monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOIs. They allhave different effect on the brain functioning, but they all can help in mooddisorders. Their final effect is to keep the amount of neurotransmitters on thewanted level.

How Long Before Antidepressants Work?

Suffererswho use antidepressants are usually at first not satisfied with the results, becausethey don’t feel any difference. The wrong thing to do is to stop taking thembecause the usual period necessary for antidepressants to have effect is severalweeks. It is also important to use them as the doctor recommended it, so thatthey can have desirable results. Youshould also avoid taking alcohol when you are using antidepressants. There arecertain side effects associated with the usage of antidepressants and theseunwanted effects differ from one medicine to another.

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