There are not a lot of people who have heard or know what juvenile glaucoma is. In shortest terms possible, juvenile glaucoma is a juvenile-onset open-angle glaucoma which is in most cases connected with myopia that shows autosomal dominant transmission and that does not appear that often at all and it is considered to be quite rare. Short term for this condition is JOAG. People should know that there is a list of other childhood glaucomas that this entity does not include. It is a list of primary developmental and secondary childhood glaucomas.
Primary developmental glaucomas
Newborn primary congenital glaucoma, infantile primary congenital glaucoma and late-recognized primary congenital glaucoma all fall under primary congenital glaucoma.
Autosomal dominant juvenile open-angle glaucoma
Primary angle-closure glaucoma
When it comes to primary glaucoma, people need to know that these cases can be associated with either systemic abnormalities or ocular abnormalities. Some of the cases of primary glaucoma associated with systemic abnormalities include Sturge-Weber syndrome, Stickler syndrome, Rieger syndrome, SHORT syndrome, Marfan syndrome, Infantile glaucoma associated with retardation and paralysis, Oculodentodigital dysplasia, Trisomy 13 and 21, Warburg syndrome, Michel syndrome and Kniest syndrome or skeletal dysplasia. These are not all the systemic abnormalities. In case of ocular abnormalities, the list is not that long. Some of the primary glaucomas which may occur are congenital papillary-iris-lens membrane syndrome, Aniridia, Congenital ocular melanosis, Sclerocornea, Iridotrabecular dysgenesis, Peters syndrome, congenital iris ectropion syndrome, anterior corneal staphyloma, congenital hereditary endothelial hypoplasia and Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly among others.
Secondary acquired glaucomas
Traumatic glaucoma is one of the many types of secondary acquired glaucomas and it can be an acute one, late-onset glaucoma with angle recession and arteriovenus fistula. There are plenty of other secondary acquired glaucomas like secondary to intraocular neoplasm, secondary to chronic uveitis, Lens-related glaucoma and following lensectomy for congenital cataracts. People should know that glaucoma can even be steroid-induced and malignant.
There are not a lot of people who are aware that increased intraocular pressure occurs due to impaired outflow of aqueous humor through the trabecular meshwork into the Schlemm canal. When a person comes in for a clinical examination, the filtration tissue will appear normal in patients who suffer from juvenile glaucoma.
Frequency in the United States
The case of juvenile glaucoma is not a common one. According to certain researches, one person out of 50,000 will be diagnosed with it. This is a comparison to other types of childhood glaucomas. Males are considered to be slightly more affected by it.