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Acute headache facts

Information on Acute Headache

Headache is a term for a medical condition which can be described by discomfort or painful sensations in the head. There are numerous different types of headaches but the most common ones include cluster headache, migraine with aura, migraine headache and tension headache. Cluster headaches usually occur on one side of the head, they occur at night, and they may last up to 2 hours. Migraine with aura involves seeing a small spot which is surrounded by bright zigzag lines. Migraine headaches are especially unpleasant because they may be reoccurring and sometimes they may last up to three days. In most cases painful sensations occurs only on one side of the head, and it commonly affect the back of the head or the temple of the head. In some cases, migraine headaches may occur behind the eyes as well. Tension headache is the most common type of headache and is usually characterized by mild to moderate painful sensations across the forehead or in the back of the head.

What causes headaches?

Headaches may be caused by numerous different factors, and they may also be symptoms of various medical conditions. Causing factors include stress, menstruation cycles, fatigue, diets, toxins, structural disorders, trauma and various medical problems. Headaches may also be triggered by estrogen replacement therapy and birth control pills. The same can be said for daytime napping, changes in the sleep patterns and tiredness. Other possible causes include alcoholic beverages, tumors, thyroid problems and different types of viral or bacterial infections. Headaches are sometimes very hard to describe so it may be rather problematic for the doctor to determine the exact type of headache, diagnose it and prescribe an appropriate treatment method.

Signs and Symptoms

There are numerous different types of signs and symptoms which can be associated with different types of headaches and those include decreased energy, weakness, being less alert than usual, trouble staying awake, tenderness of the neck area, tenderness of the head, stiff neck, runny nose, being unable to see as well as usual, being unable to see as clear as usual, trouble tolerating bright light, seeing strange sights before the headache occurs, losing the ability to see to the sides, down or up, red eyes, watery eyes, drooping eyelids, vomiting, nausea, loss of memory and sometimes even fever.


Treatment depends on the cause and the underlying conditions, if there are any.  Analgesics, antidepressants and cognitive behavior therapy are among the most common methods of treatment.

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