There are a lot of conditions that all fall under the same category of gastritis. However, all of these conditions have one thing in common and that is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach. In most cases, gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach gets infected with a certain bacteria. An interesting thing is that the same bacteria cause almost all stomach ulcers. People should know that this is not the only way how they can end up suffering from gastritis. There are some other reasons like an injury, consumption of too much alcohol and a regular use of pain relievers. There are two types of gastritis, an acute one and a chronic one. In case of an acute gastritis, it occurs all of a sudden, unlike the chronic gastritis. People need to know that in most cases gastritis is not serious and goes away with proper treatment. However, in some cases it may lead to stomach ulcers and it is known to increase the risk of stomach cancer.
Treatment The treatment plan will depend on the cause. In cases when gastritis was caused due to overuse of alcohol or NSAIDs, a person simply needs to stop using these substances in order for the condition to get better. An eradication of the bacteria is a treatment when gastritis is caused by H. pylori infection. In most cases of gastritis treatment plans, the patient will need to take certain medications that are known to treat stomach acid. By doing so, a person will reduce the signs and symptoms he or she is suffering from and better the health of the stomach. Some of the medications that are being used to treat gastritis in case of a H. pylori infection are amoxicillin, metronidazole and tetracycline. Medications like Omeprazole, lansoprazole and pantoprazole are being used when there is need to block acids production and better the health of the stomach. In order to reduce the acid production, doctors prescribe medications like ranitidine, famotidine and nizatidine.
Lifestyle and home remedies
There are certain things a person can do in order to reduce the symptoms of gastritis. For instance, people should eat smaller portions and more often. Irritating foods should be avoided in order not to upset the stomach. A person who drinks alcohol should do so moderately. Overuse leads to gastritis. A good advice is to consider switching pain relievers. Stress management is also important.